 # Normal Distribution Formula

In probability theory, the normal or Gaussian distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.

A normal distribution is a very important statistical data distribution pattern occurring in many natural phenomena, such as height, blood pressure, lengths of objects produced by machines, etc.

The spread of a normal distribution is controlled by the standard deviation, $\sigma$.  The smaller the standard deviation the more concentrated the data.

The formula for normal probability distribution is given by:

$\large P(x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi \sigma^{2}}}\:e^{\frac{-(x-\mu)^{2}}{2\sigma ^{2}}}$

Where,
$\mu$ = Mean of the data
$\sigma$ = Standard Distribution of the data.
When mean ($\mu$) = 0 and standard deviation($\sigma$) = 1, then that distribution is said to be normal distribution.
x = Normal random variable.

### Solved Example

Question: An average light bulb lasts 300 days with a standard deviation of 50 days. Assuming that bulb life is normally distributed, what is the probability that the light bulb will last at most 365 days?

Solution:

Given:
A mean score of 300 days and a standard deviation of 50 days, we want to find the cumulative probability that life of the bulb is less than or equal to 365 days. Thus, we know the following:

• The value of the normal random variable is 365 days.
• The mean is equal to 300 days.
• The standard deviation is equal to 50 days.

Therefore, P( x < 365) = 0.903.

Hence, there is a 90% chance that a light bulb will burn out within 365 days.