What is a Habitat?
In Ecology, habitat is defined as a natural environment that can support the survival and reproduction of a particular species throughout the year, or for shorter periods of time. Such habitats consist of biotic and abiotic factors as well as other resources that support life.
What is a Microhabitat?
A microhabitat is a smaller environment that subtly differs from its surrounding habitat. Such habitats contain unique species which are not found in the larger habitat. For example, a temporary pool of water, the underside of a rock or a decomposing log are examples of a microhabitat.
What are the Types of habitats?
Habitats can be broadly categorized into two types:
- Tropical grasslands
- Temperate grasslands
- Hot and dry deserts
- Coastal deserts
- Cold deserts
- Semi-arid deserts
- Peat Bogs
Read More: Terrestrial Habitats
- Pelagic habitats
- Demersal habitats
- Coastal habitat
- Open Ocean habitat
Read More: Aquatic Ecosystem
Which Animals Live in Which Habitat?
Following is a table that will help you understand the characteristics of the habitat and the types of animals that live there:
|Terrestrial Habitats||Types||Sub Types||Examples of Animals that live in this Habitat|
|Forests||Temperate||White tailed deers, red foxes|
|Tropical||Mountain gorilla, capybara, jaguar|
|Boreal||Elk, lemmings, grizzly bears|
|Grasslands||Tropical grasslands||Giraffes, elephants, zebras|
|Temperate grasslands||Prairie dogs, coyotes, badgers|
|Deserts||Hot and dry deserts||Fennec foxes, Mexican Coyotes, Thorny devil lizards|
|Coastal deserts||Snakes, coyotes|
|Cold deserts||Bisons, mule deer, caribou, wolves, Arctic fox|
|Semi-arid deserts||Kangaroo rats, rabbits, skunks|
|Wetlands||Marshes||Racoons, beavers, muskrats|
|Ponds||Ducks, geese, turtles, salamanders|
|Swamps||Minks, egrets, white tailed deers, raccoons|
|Peat Bogs||Frogs, turtles, insects and insect eating birds|
|Aquatic Habitat||Freshwater||Rivers||Otters, crocodiles, catfish, amphibians|
|Lakes||Fish, beavers, turtles, snakes, alligators|
|Marine||Pelagic habitats||Sea turtles, sharks, tuna, jellyfish, octopus and squids|
|Demersal habitats||Rattails, hagfish, lumpfishes, eels|
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