Animal Habitats

What is a Habitat?

In Ecology, habitat is defined as a natural environment that can support the survival and reproduction of a particular species throughout the year, or for shorter periods of time. Such habitats consist of biotic and abiotic factors as well as other resources that support life.

What is a Microhabitat?

A microhabitat is a smaller environment that subtly differs from its surrounding habitat. Such habitats contain unique species which are not found in the larger habitat. For example, a temporary pool of water, the underside of a rock or a decomposing log are examples of a microhabitat.

What are the Types of habitats?

Habitats can be broadly categorized into two types:

Terrestrial Habitat
Aquatic Habitat

Terrestrial Habitats

  • Forests
    • Temperate
    • Tropical
    • Boreal
  • Grasslands
    • Tropical grasslands
    • Temperate grasslands
  • Deserts
    • Hot and dry deserts
    • Coastal deserts
    • Cold deserts
    • Semi-arid deserts
  • Wetlands
    • Marshes
    • Ponds
    • Swamps
    • Peat Bogs

Read More: Terrestrial Habitats

Aquatic Habitat

  • Freshwater
    • Rivers
    • Lakes
    • Ponds
    • Streams
  • Marine
    • Pelagic habitats
    • Demersal habitats

OR

  • Coastal habitat
  • Open Ocean habitat

Read More: Aquatic Ecosystem

Which Animals Live in Which Habitat?

Following is a table that will help you understand the characteristics of the habitat and the types of animals that live there:

Terrestrial Habitats Types Sub Types Examples of Animals that live in this Habitat
Forests Temperate White tailed deers, red foxes
Tropical Mountain gorilla, capybara, jaguar
Boreal Elk, lemmings, grizzly bears
Grasslands Tropical grasslands Giraffes, elephants, zebras
Temperate grasslands Prairie dogs, coyotes, badgers
Deserts Hot and dry deserts Fennec foxes, Mexican Coyotes, Thorny devil lizards
Coastal deserts Snakes, coyotes
Cold deserts Bisons, mule deer, caribou, wolves, Arctic fox
Semi-arid deserts Kangaroo rats, rabbits, skunks
Wetlands Marshes Racoons, beavers, muskrats
Ponds Ducks, geese, turtles, salamanders
Swamps Minks, egrets, white tailed deers, raccoons
Peat Bogs Frogs, turtles, insects and insect eating birds
Aquatic Habitat Freshwater Rivers Otters, crocodiles, catfish, amphibians
Lakes Fish, beavers, turtles, snakes, alligators
Marine Pelagic habitats Sea turtles, sharks, tuna, jellyfish, octopus and squids
Demersal habitats Rattails, hagfish, lumpfishes, eels

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