Animal Habitats

What is a Habitat?

In Ecology, a habitat is defined as a natural environment that can support the survival and reproduction of a particular species throughout the year, or for shorter periods of time. Such habitats consist of biotic and abiotic factors as well as other resources that support life.

What is a Microhabitat?

A microhabitat is a smaller environment which subtly differs from its surrounding habitat. Such habitats contain unique species which are not found in the larger habitat. For example, a temporary pool of water, the underside of a rock or a decomposing log are examples of a microhabitat.

What are the Types of habitats?

Habitats can be broadly categorized into two types:

Terrestrial Habitat

Aquatic Habitat

Terrestrial Habitats

  • Forests
    • Temperate
    • Tropical
    • Boreal
  • Grasslands
    • Tropical grasslands
    • Temperate grasslands
  • Deserts
    • Hot and dry deserts
    • Coastal deserts
    • Cold deserts
    • Semi-arid deserts
  • Wetlands
    • Marshes
    • Ponds
    • Swamps
    • Peat Bogs

Aquatic Habitat

  • Freshwater
    • Rivers
    • Lakes
    • Ponds
    • Streams
  • Marine
    • Pelagic habitats
    • Demersal habitats

OR

  • Coastal habitat
  • Open Ocean habitat

Which Animals Live in Which Habitat?

Following is a table that will help you understand the characteristics of a habitat and the types of animals that live there:

Terrestrial Habitats

Types

Sub Types

Examples of Animals that live in this Habitat

Forests

Temperate

White tailed deers, red foxes

Tropical

Mountain gorilla, capybara, jaguar

Boreal

Elk, lemmings, grizzly bears

Grasslands

Tropical grasslands

Giraffes, elephants, zebras

Temperate grasslands

Prairie dogs, coyotes, badgers

Deserts

Hot and dry deserts

Fennec foxes, Mexican Coyotes, Thorny devil lizards

Coastal deserts

Snakes, coyotes

Cold deserts

Bisons, mule deer, caribou, wolves, Arctic fox

Semi-arid deserts

Kangaroo rats, rabbits, skunks

Wetlands

Marshes

Racoons, beavers, muskrats

Ponds

Ducks, geese, turtles, salamanders

Swamps

Minks, egrets, white tailed deers, raccoons

Peat Bogs

Frogs, turtles, insects and insect eating birds

Aquatic Habitat

Freshwater

Rivers

Otters, crocodiles, catfish, amphibians

Lakes

Fish, beavers, turtles, snakes, alligators

Marine

Pelagic habitats

Sea turtles, sharks, tuna, jellyfish, octopus and squids

Demersal habitats

Rattails, hagfish, lumpfishes, eels

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