Difference Between Afforestation and Deforestation

Since the Industrial revolution, deforestation has accelerated worldwide and it has adversely impacted our environment. From rising sea levels to global warming, and even a hypothetical apocalyptic situation such as the runaway greenhouse effect, deforestation has had an adverse impact on our planet. One of the best solutions to deforestation is afforestation. The difference between afforestation and deforestation are summarized below:

Difference Between Afforestation and Deforestation

Difference Between Afforestation and Deforestation



Afforestation is the planting of trees in a previously barren environment

Deforestation is the destruction of trees and forests for human habitation and use

Afforestation has a beneficial effect on the environment

Deforestation has a detrimental effect on the environment

Main reason for afforestation is to control carbon footprint and to ensure sustainability of the natural environment

Deforestation is a result of industrialization, globalization and urbanization

Afforestation can ensure balance and survival to all life on earth

Deforestation, if left unchecked leads to global warming, rising sea levels and encroachment or possible extinction of wildlife


The human population has always been growing since the 1800s, where the recorded population was 1 billion. It is estimated that the population will touch 8.6 billion by 2030 and grow even more in the next century. These factors suggest that Deforestation cannot be completely eliminated but hopefully, be controlled to an extent. Afforestation helps to maintain the equilibrium and prevent upsetting the natural forces at play.

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Practise This Question

If the older leaves of a plant shows yellowing and the yield is reduced, then it may be due to the deficiency of: