Deforestation is the most devastating environmental issue. Living things need some basic necessities for their survival such as food, habitat, water, air, etc. These elements support life. Wild animals and birds depend on the forest for their habitat and fundamental necessities. Deforestation destroyed the habitat and led to an environmental imbalance. Reforestation is one of the solutions for deforestation. Let’s take a glance at reforestation.
Deforestation is the process of cutting down of trees and thus, clearing the forest as a part of industrialization or urbanization. Humans exploit forests for many purposes. The list of purposes varies from basic home requirements to globalization. They cut trees for timber, for agriculture, for areas for urbanization and industrialization, etc. Even some natural events like forest fires can be a cause of deforestation.
Now we have to pay for it in the form of climate changes, global warming, and habitat loss. A number of life forms are at the peak point of extinction. To prevent any further consequences, preventive measures need to be taken. Reforestation and afforestation are two simple solutions for this.
Reforestation- Planting Trees
If deforestation is the destruction of the forest, reforestation is the construction of forest. Reforestation is the reestablishment of destroyed forests by planting trees. While afforestation is the establishment of the new forest where there was no forest in the beginning. Afforestation is an artificial method where humans have to plant new trees. But reforestation can happen either naturally (natural seeding or root suckers) or artificially (by seeding or planting by humans).
Generally, during reforestation, trees of same species which were present before deforestation are planted. To maintain the ecological balance, it is important to plant at least the same count of plants that were cut. It can also take place by itself if you leave the area undisturbed. Thanks to birds and insects which help in seed dispersal.
Reforestation and afforestation are need of the hour. The government has come forward with many plans to implement this. The Forest Conservation Act, 1980 is a part of this where preservation and conservation of the forests are the primary focus. Another important measure taken by the government is the World Environment Day which is celebrated on June 5th. If you want to gift a green world to our future generation, it’s time, to begin with, reforestation. Save trees and plant more trees.
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