Human Population

What is Human Population?

“Human population refers to the number of individuals in a particular area.”

Human Population

The term human population simply would be the number of people thriving in a specific area which could range from a village to the world usually. Additionally, the term is used to describe the inhabitants also but in most cases, the term would mean numbers.  

The population of early humans is not known to us. But it is assumed that there would have been only a few thousand of humans when they emerged several years ago. 

The population exploded since the industrial revolution began and half of the present population grew since 1950.  The developing countries have the maximum population.

Also Read: Population and its Types

The migration levels in Europe and Japan have reduced the population considerably. However, the immigration of larger families at higher levels has contributed to the growth of the population in developed countries like Australia, Canada, and the United States.

Owing to the advancement in healthcare and allied services, the birth rates have climbed significantly and surpassed death rates considerably resulting in the current population explosion. For the growth of the world population, another reason that could be attributed would be the form of women delivering more children than the earlier generations. The rise in population has increased concerns among scientists around the world that whether the earth’s support systems would be able to bear the burden of the same.

As per the arguments of renowned biologists around the world, the rise in population around the planet has a detrimental impact on forests, cropland, freshwater, fisheries and so on on a larger scale. Another group of social scientists and economists, on the contrary, argues that the hike in population would turn into an asset in the form of human resources and create wealth. But from our observation, it has more negative impacts than positive ones on the community and ecosystem

Thus, it could be concluded that the human population has its own merits and demerits as such depending upon the perspective of the persons assessing the same.

Also Read: Malthusian Theory of Population

Human Population Growth

Human population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a particular area. Changes in public health and sanitation have led to a decrease in the death rate over the past 200 years. The invention of antibiotics and vaccines has decreased the chances of infections in humans. Urbanization and advancements in agriculture have also led to an increase in population.

Also Read: Population Growth

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Frequently Asked Questions on Human population


What is demography and why is it important?

The statistical study of the human population is called demography. It is important to assess the population size, sex ratio, and standard of living, and to understand the impact of population on the environment.


What is the population size in India?

The population size in India is about 138 crores. It is the second-largest in the world.


How can we prevent population explosion?

Population explosion can be prevented by providing awareness about using birth control and implementing policies to encourage family planning.

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  1. thanks for providing notes so compact