The human body is composed of billions of cells, enzymes, units, etc. Enzymes are the proteins which are necessary to control metabolic as well as chemical reactions of a body. Apart from enzymes, some other compounds involved in such reactions are cofactors and coenzymes.
Cofactors are non-protein chemical compounds which are termed as helper molecules. They are used as a catalyst in reaction and are extremely important. There are two types of cofactors viz coenzymes and prosthetic groups. Coenzymes are defined as organic molecules, small, non-protein which are also termed as cosubstrates. They act as carriers and can be easily removed from. Some examples of coenzymes are vitamin-b, coenzyme A, biotin, etc.
Also Refer: Enzymes
Cofactor vs Coenzyme
|It carries chemical groups between enzymes||They bind to an enzyme|
|Also known as|
|Coenzyme loosely bound to enzymes||
Some cofactors covalently bound the enzyme
|Can be easily removed||
It can be removed only by denaturation
|Chemical molecule||Chemical compound|
|Organic substances||Inorganic substances|
|It is a type of cofactor||
Two types of cofactors: Coenzyme and prosthetic groups
|They act as carriers||Increase the speed of reaction|
|Biotin, Vitamin, Coenzyme A||Metal ions such as k+, Zn 2+|
These were the difference between Cofactor And Coenzyme. To know more about each of them separately and the actions involved during the process, register at BYJU’S.