Difference Between Cofactor And Coenzyme

The human body is composed of billions of groups, cells, enzymes, units, etc. Enzymes are the proteins which are necessary to control metabolic as well as chemical reactions of a body. Apart from enzymes, some other compounds involved in such reactions are cofactors and coenzymes. Cofactors are non-protein chemical compounds which are termed as helper molecules. They are used as a catalyst in reaction and are extremely important. There are two types of cofactors viz coenzymes and prosthetic groups. Coenzymes are defined as organic molecules, small, non-protein which are also termed as Cosubstrates. They act as carriers and can be easily removed from. Some examples of coenzymes are Vitamin, Coenzyme A, Biotin, etc.

Difference Between Cofactor And Coenzyme

Properties Coenzyme Cofactor
Meaning It carries chemical groups between enzymes They bind to an enzyme
Also known as Cosubstrates Helper molecules
Bind Coenzyme loosely bound to enzymes Some cofactors covalently bound the enzyme
Removal Can be easily removed It can be removed only by denaturation
Form Chemical molecule Chemical compound
Characteristic Organic substances Inorganic substances
Types It is a type of cofactor Two types of cofactors: Coenzyme and prosthetic groups
Function They act as carriers Increase the speed of reaction
Examples Biotin, Vitamin, Coenzyme A Metal ions such as k+, Zn 2+

These were the difference between Cofactor And Coenzyme. To know more about the each of them separately and the actions involved during the process register to BYJU’S!

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