The human body is composed of billions of cells, enzymes, units, etc. Enzymes are the proteins which are necessary to control metabolic as well as chemical reactions of a body. Apart from enzymes, some other compounds involved in such reactions are cofactors and coenzymes.
Cofactors are non-protein chemical compounds which are termed as helper molecules. They are used as a catalyst in reaction and are extremely important. There are two types of cofactors viz coenzymes and prosthetic groups. Coenzymes are defined as organic molecules, small, non-protein which are also termed as cosubstrates. They act as carriers and can be easily removed from. Some examples of coenzymes are vitamin, coenzyme A, biotin, etc.
Difference between Cofactor and Coenzyme
|It carries chemical groups between enzymes||They bind to an enzyme|
|Also known as|
|Coenzyme loosely bound to enzymes||
Some cofactors covalently bound the enzyme
|Can be easily removed||
It can be removed only by denaturation
|Chemical molecule||Chemical compound|
|Organic substances||Inorganic substances|
|It is a type of cofactor||
Two types of cofactors: Coenzyme and prosthetic groups
|They act as carriers||Increase the speed of reaction|
|Biotin, Vitamin, Coenzyme A||Metal ions such as k+, Zn 2+|
These were the difference between Cofactor And Coenzyme. To know more about each of them separately and the actions involved during the process, register at BYJU’S!
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