Vitamin - B

Vitamin – B plays a vital role in cell metabolism. They are grouped into water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin B comprises of all eight directory complements. Each of vitamin B performs unique functions. Beneath are a brief description of each member of Vitamin B.

Also refer: Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamin - B

Types of Vitamin – B

The B vitamins were eventually sorted into 8 chemically distinct entities. They are all cofactors for enzymatic reactions, providing important catalytic functionality to drive metabolic processes to completion, and as vitamins, are essential to life and must be consumed in food sources since they can’t be synthesized in the human body.

Also refer: Types and Sources of Vitamins

Based on the presence of distinct compounds, Vitamin B are further classified into 8 subtypes.

Vitamin – B1

They are required to derive energy from the food that we consume. They act as a supportive system for normal functioning of our nervous system. They are found in various food products namely pork, whole grains, lentils, spinach, sunflower seeds, milk, red meat, cauliflower, and nuts. Vitamin-B1 is also known as Thiamin.

Vitamin – B2

It supports the production of cellular energy. They are found in food products such as broccoli, cereals, eggs, salmon,milk, and spinach. Vitamin-B2 are also termed as Riboflavin.

Vitamin – B3

It supports cardiovascular health and production of cellular energy. It is one among the form of nicotinic acid. It is also known as niacin. Food sources include lentils, peanuts, beef, fish, and poultry.

Vitamin – B5

They are extensively found in animals and plants food sources. They regulate the production of cellular energy. Food sources containing vitamin – B5 include peanuts, cashew nuts, avocados, brown rice, milk, lentils, broccoli, egg yolk, soya beans and brown rice. Vitamin-B5 is known as Pantothenic Acid.

Vitamin – B6

It is a key factor for regulating various body functioning of our body. It is essential for the functioning of nerve system and RBC cells. Vitamin-B6 is called as pyridoxine. They are necessary for metabolizing glycogen and amino acids. Food sources containing vitamin-B6 include avocados, beans, chicken, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds.

Vitamin – B7

They are found in food products namely soya beans, oranges, and strawberries. Vitamin-B7 is known as biotin. Its supports carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism and it helps in the growth of nails, hair, and skin.

Vitamin – B9

It plays a vital role in the development of a fetal nervous system. Folic acid, also known as vitamin-B9 are found in foods, namely cereals and bread. Other sources of food include spinach, dates, beets, avocado, orange juice, and dates.

Vitamin – B12

It is essential for the formation of red blood cells, regular functioning of nerve system and in the production of cellular energy. Cobalamin or Vitamin-B12 is found in food products namely eggs, milk, fish, beef, and chicken.

Symptoms of Vitamin B Deficiency

Lack of vitamin-B would lead to various health problems. Pregnant women and aged adults are in much requirement of B-vitamins. Under certain circumstances, celiac disease, the use of excess alcohol and Crohn’s disease may lead to minimal absorption of B-vitamins.

Symptoms of vitamin-B deficiency depend upon the type of B-vitamin that one may be lacking in.

Vitamin-B12 deficiency may lead to depression, paranoia, and other behavioral problems. It may even cause neurological damage. Some of the symptoms include tiredness, fatigue, uneasiness and may also experience prickle in the feet and hands.

Deficiency of Vitamin-B6 may cause anemia, depression, dermatitis, confusion, skin rashes and there would be the possibility of infection.


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