Fats differ from a few lipids in physical as well as chemical properties and play a crucial role in metabolic and chemical functions. Lipase is an enzyme which breaks down lipids and fats in a human body. This enzyme is produced by the pancreas.
Fats are divided into unsaturated fats and saturated fats. Trans fats and cis fats come under the category of unsaturated fats. Lipids are hydrophobic in nature. They form various structures such as liposomes, membranes or vesicles with its amphiphilic nature.
Two types of biological building-block lipids are isoprene groups and ketoacyl. The eight categories of lipids are glycerolipids, polyketides, fatty acids, prenol lipids, sphingolipids, glycerophospholipids, saccharolipids, and sterol lipids. Below are the major differences between lipids and fats.
Also read: What are Fats
Lipids vs Fats
Following are the important difference between lipids and fats:
|These are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.||
These are oily substances found under the skin and around the organs.
These are a diverse group of biomolecules.
|These are a type of lipids.|
|These are solids as well as liquids.||
These are solids only.
These are structural components and energy molecules in the body.
|This serves as an energy source.|
|These are of three types – steroids, triglycerides, phospholipids.||
These are of two types – saturated and unsaturated fats.
Lipids are organic biomolecules insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. These are of three different types – triglycerides, phospholipids and steroids. Triglycerides are the largest class of lipids. These are also known as natural fats. Phospholipids are the derivatives of triglycerides and comprise two fatty acid molecules. Steroids are hydrophobic molecules and are present as cholesterol and hormones in the body.
These are oily substances found beneath the skin or surrounds the organs. Due to a high saturation rate, lipids are solids at room temperature. Unsaturated fats are known as oils that are liquids at room temperature. Saturated fats are good for health since they increase good cholesterol levels. This prevents heart diseases in humans.
Also read: What are Lipids
These were some of the important difference between Lipids and Fats. To learn more about other interesting Biology topics, register at BYJU’S – the learning app.