Habitats at altitudes are dangerous and inhospitable than other land habitats. The lives at mountains have to face oxygen and other essential gas scarcity; weather is also much harsh in addition to low temperature. As the soil is inconsistent, vegetation is also sparse or almost barren. Mountain animals and plants have evolved to make mountains as their habitat; while some are seasonal animals who will migrate according to the weather.
Mountains are lands which are much above sea level i.e. around 600 m (1970 ft). The Scientific explanation for the formation of mountains is usually the movement of tectonic plates. When these plates strike each other, the parts of land involved in the process rise above to form a mountain. Atmospheric conditions of mountains are the toughest. As the altitude increases, the pressure and temperature decrease. Despite these circumstances, it is home to many species. A mountain has different zones which range from deciduous woodlands, coniferous forests to bare rock.
Moreover, these terrains are much safe and protected from humans.
Adaptation is essential for existence. Living organisms adapt to secure the necessities like food, water, air; also for space, physical factors such as temperature, light, and protection from predators.
Chamois, ibex, snow leopard, tahr, giant horn sheep are few mountain animals found in mountains. To overcome the bitter cold, they have thick fur and wool and fast hooves that help them to climb the slopes of the hills. Yaks have large lungs and heart which assist them to compensate the scarcity of oxygen in altitudes. Birds like golden eagle are experts in these regions and for them, it serves as the best place for their breeding and feeding. Trees are thin at heights, but they grow beyond timberline due to climatic conditions. Beyond 3000 feet, at rock zones and snow zones, small grasses, few perennials can be found which can withstand this climate.
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