There are several theories about humans and their existence. Ancient Greek philosophers – Aristotle, Plato and Socrates theorized the nature of human existence with the help of fossils and other scientific evidence.
According to the fossils found, humans have much in common with other mammals, including chimpanzees and bonobos in terms of genetics, morphology and physiology. There are major disagreements about the origin of human evolution. In human evolution, chimpanzees share a common ancestor.
Also Refer: Evolution
Here, in this article, let us know more in detail about the Scientific name of human beings, their general features and the taxonomic tree of a human being.
Taxonomic Tree of Human Being
Species: H. sapiens
Also Refer: Taxonomy
According to taxonomy, all humans have been classified into Class: Mammalia and Phylum: Chordata. The scientific name of human beings is Homo sapiens and it was coined by Carl Linnaeus in the year 1758. Homo sapiens was derived from the Latin word, which refers to a wise man. Homo refers to the human being, which refers to wisdom or knowledge.
Homo is a Genus name, and Sapiens is a Species name
General Features of Human Being
There are many factors that make Humans special and different from other species. Listed below are some of the special characteristics:
- Complex speech
- Unique shoulders
- Hairless Skin
- Standing Upright
- Well organised organ system
- Hand with fingers and opposable thumbs
- Nakedness and different styles of clothing
- Powerful imagination and extraordinary intellect
Humans are grouped into the order Primates, along with other groups of mammals containing all the species commonly related to lemurs, monkeys, and apes.
Based on complete biological aspects – morphology, DNA structure and proteins, give clear proof that humans are primates.
Also Read: Facts About Human Body
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Scientific Names of other living species and other related topics at BYJU’S Biology.
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