Sleeping Sickness or African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease that is caused by the parasite named Trypanosoma Brucie. It spreads through the bite of a fly called Tsetse which injects this disease into the human body. This fly has its origins from the African countries and hence the name. About 60 million people in this country are affected majorly by this disease.
The disease causes several medical disorders such as swelling of the brain which sometimes might even result in fatal conditions. In later stages, the central nervous system is also affected by the attack of ‘sleeping sickness’ resulting in death.
Sleeping sickness – How it is caused
The two germs named Trypanosoma Brucie Gambiense and Trypanosoma Brucie Rhodesiense cause this disease. These parasites are present in the flies like the Tsetse mainly involved in transmitting this disease. When this fly bites the humans, the infection is spread throughout the body.
Symptoms of Sleeping Sickness
A lot of changes occur in the body after the infection. Few symptoms of sleeping sickness are listed below:
- An unclear speech.
- Swelling of the brain.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Causes weakness in the body.
- Feeling of sleeplessness.
- Severe sweating.
- Formation of red sores on places of infection.
- Severe fever conditions.
- Mood changes.
- Skin Rashes.
- Severe headaches.
- Develop severe pain in the joint.
- Personality changes.
- Feel difficulty in walking and etc.
Prevention and Treatment
Early recognition of the disease might help to avoid the difficulty and major risks. Some of the prevention and treatment measures include:
- Early treatment of the infected persons including the person showing no symptoms.
- Using insecticides to protect oneself against the bite of Tsetse fly.
- By maintaining clearings around the villages and also residential areas.
- Use of repellents or fly traps to stay away from the flies.
For more detailed information about sleeping sickness, visit Byju’s.
Practise This Question