Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are a disorderliness that occurs due to the pathogenic microorganisms namely virus, bacteria, fungi, and parasite. These infectious diseases can either be communicable or non-communicable disease or it can be transmitted by animals or even by bites of animals or insects.

Infectious Diseases

As mentioned earlier infectious diseases results from infection, agents responsible for causing this infection include viroids, nematodes, prion, arthropods namely mites and fleas and macroparasites such as helminths and tapeworms. It occurs when there is an invasion of an organism’s into the body cells and tissue with infection-causing agent involving the reaction of the host tissues to this organisms and due to the toxins that they produce.

List of Infectious Diseases

  • Anthrax.
  • Burkholderia pseudo mallei.
  • Diphtheria.
  • Enterovirus Infection.
  • Granuloma inguinale.
  • Lead Poisoning.
  • Measles.
  • Mumps.
  • Rabies.
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.
  • Smallpox.
  • Typhoid Fever.
  • Yellow Fever.
  • Yersinia.
  • Hepatitis C: It is not acute. It is a chronic disease.
  • Hepatitis B: It is caused due to inflammation of the liver which in turn causes jaundice, fatigue and in prolonged time it may also cause liver cancer.
  • Malaria: Caused due to a mosquito bite. It can be deadly if not treated for a prolonged time.
  • Dengue: It is caused by a particular type of mosquito. In rare cases, it leads to death, but it usually causes fever, headache and joints pain.
  • Tuberculosis: It causes coughing and chest pain due to the bacteria that are found in the lungs. It may also result in different kind of side effects.

Prevention of  Infectious Diseases

Hand hygiene

Some of the practical ways for preventing the infection are listed below:

  • Maintaining the proper hand hygiene.
  • Use of antibiotics.
  • Keeping your kitchen clean by washing utensils, dishes, cooking area before and after preparing each food.
  • Vaccination – one of the most effective ways.
  • Maintain hygiene both in the bathroom and in the toilet area.
  • Avoid sharing personal belongings such as a razor, drinking glass, toothbrush, comb, etc.
  • Do not travel or go to work when you fall ill.
  • While visiting patients in hospitals, it is recommended to wear a mask, gown and if possible make use of sanitizing gels to prevent infection.

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