Caffeine Formula

Caffeine formula is essential in the field of medicine as this organic compound is among the Most Essential Medicines of the WHO. To recall about caffeine, it is also known as 1, 3, 7-Trimethylpurine-2,6-dione and is a popular stimulant present in coffee.

Caffeine Formula

Caffeine is one of the organic compounds and it composes of 49.48% carbon, 5.19% Hydrogen, 16.48% Oxygen, and 28.85% Nitrogen. It is soluble in water and has a molar mass of 194.19 g/mol. The structural and chemical formula of caffeine is as follows.

Caffeine Chemical Formula

Chemical Formula of Caffeine


From the above formula, it is seen that caffeine contains 8 carbon atoms, 10 hydrogen atoms, 4 nitrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms.

Caffeine Structural Formula

Caffeine is an alkaloid and is formed by pyrimidinedione and imidazole rings which are fused together. It should be noted that pyrimidinedione is a 6-member ring having 2 nitrogen atoms while an imidazole ring is a 5-member ring having 2 nitrogen atoms.

Caffeine Structural Formula

Caffeine is a slightly basic compound (6.9 pH) and in its pure form, it is a crystalline white powder. It is available naturall in coffee beans and can also be synthesised by the reaction between dimethylurea and malonic acid. It is widely used in the food industry and it causes certain health issues when consumed in high dosage.

Keep visiting BYJU’S to get more such Chemistry formulas along with their structure and other details. Also, get various chemistry-related articles, notes, and study materials which can help to learn the concepts more efficiently.

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