Caffeine formula is essential in the field of medicine as this organic compound is among the Most Essential Medicines of the WHO. To recall about caffeine, it is also known as 1, 3, 7-Trimethylpurine-2,6-dione and is a popular stimulant present in coffee.
Caffeine is one of the organic compounds and it composes of 49.48% carbon, 5.19% Hydrogen, 16.48% Oxygen, and 28.85% Nitrogen. It is soluble in water and has a molar mass of 194.19 g/mol. The structural and chemical formula of caffeine is as follows.
Caffeine Chemical Formula
Chemical Formula of Caffeine
From the above formula, it is seen that caffeine contains 8 carbon atoms, 10 hydrogen atoms, 4 nitrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms.
Caffeine Structural Formula
Caffeine is an alkaloid and is formed by pyrimidinedione and imidazole rings which are fused together. It should be noted that pyrimidinedione is a 6-member ring having 2 nitrogen atoms while an imidazole ring is a 5-member ring having 2 nitrogen atoms.
Caffeine is a slightly basic compound (6.9 pH) and in its pure form, it is a crystalline white powder. It is available naturall in coffee beans and can also be synthesised by the reaction between dimethylurea and malonic acid. It is widely used in the food industry and it causes certain health issues when consumed in high dosage.
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