The attractive force which holds together the atoms or group of atoms in a chemical species is known as a chemical bond. The definition of the chemical bond as a shared electron pair could be extended to describe the dative bond and the elaboration of Lewis acid/base interactions.
Table of Contents
- Ionic bond
- Covalent bond
- What are Metallic bonds?
- Difference Between Ionic bond, Covalent bond, and Metallic bond
- Recommended Videos
- Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
The ionic bond is the electrostatic force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions. Ionic bonds join metals to non-metals.
The covalent bond is also called a shared bond. These bonds join non-metals to non-metals.
What are Metallic bonds?
Difference Between Ionic bond, Covalent bond, and Metallic bond
To make you understand how Ionic, covalent and metallic bonds are different from each other, here are some of the major differences between Ionic, covalent and metallic bonds:
|IONIC BOND||COVALENT BOND||METALLIC BOND|
|Occurs during the transfer of electrons||Occurs when 2 atoms share their valence electrons||The attraction of metal cations/atoms and delocalized electrons|
|Binding energy is higher than the metallic bond||Binding energy is higher than the metallic bond||Binding energy is less than covalent and ionic bond|
|Low conductivity||Very low conductivity||Has high electrical conductivity|
|Non-directional bond||Directional bond||Non-directional bond|
|Present only in one state: solid-state||Present only in all 3 states: solid, liquid, gases||Present only in one state: solid-state|
|Higher melting point||Lower melting point||High melting point|
|Higher boiling point||Lower boiling point||High boiling point|
These were some important differences between Ionic, covalent and metallic bonds.
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Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
What are ionic bond examples?
The bond in sodium chloride, that is salt, is an example of an ionic bond. The valence electron of sodium is transferred to chlorine’s outer electron shell. Ionic components are made up of molecules which have ionic bonding.
What are 3 types of covalent bonds?
Types of covalent bonds are: Single Covalent Bond. Double Covalent Bond. Triple Covalent Bond.
What are examples of metallic bonds?
Magnesium, sodium, and aluminium are examples of metallic bonds. Metallic bonding provides malleability, ductility, thermal and electrical conductivity, opacity, and lustre, which are all characteristics of metals.
What determines whether a bond is ionic, covalent, or metallic?
An ionic bond is formed between a metal and a nonmetal, while a covalent bond is formed between two nonmetals. So we usually check the periodic table to see if our compound is made up of metals or nonmetals, or if it’s just two nonmetals.
Which bond is stronger metallic or covalent?
Except for carbon, silicon, and diamond, covalent bonds are weak. Metallic bonds are extremely strong. Because of the crystalline structure, the ionic bonds are also quite strong.