Introduction to Carbon and its Compounds

Carbon compounds are present everywhere i.e. in the food that we eat, the clothes that we wear and even in the lead of the pencil by which we write. The atomic number of carbon is 6 and atomic mass is 12.01gmol-1. Carbon is a member of 14th group. According to the data, it is the seventeenth most abundant element found on earth. It is found in both free as well as in the combined state.You can find it available as coal, graphite in

It is found in both free as well as in the combined state.You can find it available as coal, graphite in elemental state. Whereas it is present as metal carbonates, hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide gas in the combined state. When it combines with other elements such as dihydrogen, dioxygen, chlorine and sulphur provides amazing arrays of materials that can vary from tissues to medicines.

In Organic Chemistry everything is surrounded around carbon compounds. It is one of the most essential components of the living organisms. There are two stable isotopes of carbon 12C and 13C..After these two one more isotope of carbon is present 14C. Carbon is used for radiocarbon dating and it is also a radioisotope with the half-life of 5770 years.


One of the most amazing properties of carbon is its ability to make long carbon chains and rings. This property of carbon is known as catenation. Carbon has many special abilities out of all one unique ability is that carbon forms pπ-pπ bonds which are nothing but double or triple bonds with itself and with other electronegative atoms like oxygen and nitrogen. Just because of these two properties of carbon i.e catenation and multiple bond formation, it has the number of allotropic forms.

Do you know what does allotrope of carbon means?

Allotrope is nothing but the existence of an element in many forms which will have different physical property but will have similar chemical properties and its forms are called allotropes or allotropic forms.

The best way to get a better understanding of Carbon and its Compounds is to refer NCERT solutions. Byju’s provides NCERT solutions for Carbon and its Compounds. To refer to these NCERT solutions click here – Carbon and its compounds

Practise This Question

Which of the following has highest boiling point?