Linseed Oil

What is Linseed Oil?

Linseed oil is extracted from flax seeds. The source of linseed oil and flaxseed oil is the same but the processing of both is different where linseed oil is used for industrial purposes and flaxseed oil is quite fit for human consumption. One of the oldest and commercially important crops grown in the cooler climates is Flax. These seeds make a healthy diet as they are rich in omega 3 fatty acids and in dietary fibre. The linseed oil is extracted from both the types of flax seeds and appear yellow in colour.

Properties of Linseed Oil

Some properties of linseed oil which make it suitable for the use of industrial purposes are as follows –

  • Drying properties – It dries uniformly but at a slow rate. Due to this characteristic, it is used as a drying agent in wood finish products, paint formula, etc.
  • Imparting glow – Linseed oil gives a glowing effect to woods
  • Water-resistant properties – Linseed oil keeps a substance safe from water. This helps to prevent metal products from corrosion and protects furniture from water damage.
  • Binding properties – It helps in the binding of ingredients in many products. It creates a rich and smoothy emulsion when all the ingredients are mixed together.

Linseed Oil Structure

Linseed Oil structure

Structure of Linseed Oil

Uses of Linseed Oil

  • It is used in oil paints to make them more fluid, glossy and transparent.
  • It is used in putty as a sealant for glass windows which hardens within a few weeks of application and can be painted.
  • Used by billiards and pool cue-makers for cue shafts.
  • It is used in the manufacturing of floor covering linoleum.
  • Used by a luthier while reconditioning string instruments fretboards such as guitar, mandolin, etc.
  • Linseed Oil is used in the traditional oil gilding to stick sheets of gold leaf to the substrate

To learn more about the process of extraction of linseed oil from flax seeds register to BYJU’S now.

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