What are Fats?
Some compounds that are soluble in organic solvents and mostly insoluble in water are called fats. They are solid at room temperature. There are two types of fats that are solid at room temperature. They are Saturated fats and trans fats.
Saturated fat is also known as solid fat. Saturated fat in fish and poultry is less when compared to animal fat or red meat. This fat can increase your cholesterol levels. Tropical oils such as cocoa butter, coconut oil, palm oil also have saturated fats. It is mostly found in non dairy products and snacks in large quantity. Cakes, butter, cookies are some examples of food containing maximum saturated fats.
A fat is changed to increase its shelf life. The process to make this change happen is called hydrogenation. This fat is harder at room temperature. The importance of trans fat is that it makes flakier pie crusts and crispier crankers. It is found in cookies, chips, processed food etc. Avoid eating or consume less foods containing trans fats as it increase your cholesterol levels.
What are Oils?
Fats that are liquid at room temperature are called oils. Unsaturated fats belong to this category. Consuming food containing unsaturated fat helps improve cholesterol levels. There are two types of unsaturated fats. Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats.
Monounsaturated fat is found in nuts, vegetable oils and avocado. Consuming food that is rich in monounsaturated fats helps in controlling cholesterol levels by keeping high good HDL cholesterol and lowering bad LDL cholesterol.
Polyunsaturated fat is found in oils such as sunflower, corn and soybean. Seafood majorly consists of these fats. Replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat in food consumption may help in lowering LDL cholesterol. There are two types of polyunsaturated fats. They are Omega 3, Omega 6.
To make you understand how Oils and fats are different from each other, here are some of the major differences between oils and fats:
|Difference between Fats and Oils|
|Solid at room temperature||Liquid at room temperature|
|Saturated and trans are its types||Unsaturated fats like monounsaturated and polyunsaturated are its types|
|Mostly derived from animal||Mostly derived from plants|
|Increases cholesterol levels||Improves cholesterol levels|
|Mainly comes from animal food but also through vegetable oil by process called hydrogenation||Mainly comes from plants or fish|
|Example: Butter, beef fat||Example:Vegetable oil, fish oil|
|Contains 9 cal/gm||Contains 9 cal/gm|
These were some of the important differences between oils and fats. To know differences between other topics in chemistry you can register to BYJU’S or download our app for simple and interesting content. India’s largest k-12 learning app with ttop-notchteachers from across the nation with excellent teaching skills. Find notes, question papers for other subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Biology and various competitive exams as well. Enjoy learning with great experience. Learning is no more boring with BYJU’S.