Glycerol Formula

Glycerol formula is given here along with its structural and extended chemical formula. Glycerol is also known as glycerine or glycerine is a non-toxic, viscous, colourless, and a simple triol compound. Glycerin or glycerol has several benefits and is mostly used in dermatological treatments and in the food industry as a preservative and sweetener.

Table of Content

Glycerol Chemical Formula

Glycerol has 3 carbon atoms, 8 hydrogen atoms, and 3 oxygen atoms. It has a molecular weight of 92.09 g/mol and its IUPAC name is 1, 2, 3- Propanetriol or 1, 2, 3- Trihydroxypropane. The chemical and molecular formula for glycerol (glycerine) is given as-

Chemical Formula of Glycerol C3H8O3
Extended Glycerol Molecular Formula CH2OH-CHOH-CH2OH

Structural Formula of Glycerol

Glycerol molecule consists of a 3-carbon chain with 3 hydroxyl groups (OH) attached to each of them. The carbon atoms have sp3 configuration and so, the molecule has a free rotation. The glycerin structural formula is represented as-

Structural Formula of Glycerol

Glycerol is soluble in water and is hygroscopic. It is an important compound and its backbone is found in all lipids known as triglycerides. Its use ranges from pharmaceuticals to food industry and in cosmetics (like soaps).

Production of glycerol

The triglycerides undergo hydrolysis, saponification, or transesterification produces glycerol as well as the fatty acid derivative. The crude glycerol form in this process is further purified by active charcoal to remove organic impurities, alkali to remove unreacted glycerol esters, and ion exchange to remove salts.  

Uses of glycerol

  • Glycerol is used to power diesel generators supplying electricity.
  • It is used by the film industry when filming scenes involving water to stop areas from drying out too quickly.
  • Glycerol is used as a replacement for water in ultrasonic testing.
  • It is used to produce hydrogen gas.

To learn more about glycerol visit : Glycerin

To learn more chemical formulas of different compounds, stay tuned with BYJU’S.

Test your knowledge on Glycerol Formula

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

*

BOOK

Free Class