What is Silver chloride?
Silver chloride is a white crystalline chemical compound with the formula AgCl. Silver chloride in the test tube quickly turns purplish, especially in a sunny laboratory because the silver chloride is split up into silver and chlorine. Silver chloride is prepared when sodium chloride is added to silver nitrate solution a white precipitate of silver chloride occurs. Silver chloride is an example of a well-known salt stain used to impart an amber colour to the glass.
Other name – chloro silver
|Molecular weight/ Molar mass||143.32 g/mol|
|Boiling point||1,547 °C|
|Melting point||455 °C|
Table of Contents
- Silver chloride Structure
- Physical Properties of Silver chloride – AgCl
- Chemical Properties of Silver chloride – AgCl
- Uses of Silver chloride – AgCl
- Frequently Asked Questions
Silver chloride Structure
Physical Properties of Silver chloride – AgCl
|Solubility||Insoluble in water|
Chemical Properties of Silver chloride – AgCl
- Silver chloride undergos decomposition reaction in the presence of sunlight to form silver and chlorine. The chemical reaction is as follows.
2AgCl → 2Ag + Cl2
- Silver chloride reacts with bases like ammonia forming a complex compound called Silver diammonium ion and chloride ion.
Uses of Silver chloride – AgCl
- The most effective form of water-activated battery uses magnesium as the anode and silver chloride as the positive electrode.
- Used in electroplating and polishing mirrors and in making alloys.
- Used as an antidote that reacts with the poison to produce a harmless chemical compound.
- Used in medicines and silver salts are used in photographic films.