What is Toluene?
Toluene is a liquid, which is colorless, water-insoluble and smells like paint thinners. It is a mono-substituted colorless liquid, consisting of a CH3 group that is attached to a phenyl group.
Toluene is widely used as an industrial raw material and a solvent for manufacturing of many commercial products, including paints and glues.
Toluene more reactive to electrophiles than the benzene. Due to the greater part of methyl group than the electron-releasing properties, it reacts normal fragrant in the same position. It faces sulfonation to provide an acid called p-toluenesulfonic and chlorination by Cl2 in the presence of FeCl3 to give ortho and para isomers of chlorotoluene.
Toluene is largely used as a benzene:
While the second most used application involves its disproportionate to a mixture of benzene and xylene.
Precursor to other chemicals: Along with the synthesis of benzene and xylene, toluene is used in the manufacture of the following
- Polyurethane foam
- Trinitrotoluene – Explosive
- Synthetic Drugs.
Solvent: Toluene is a common solvent used for the following:
- Paint Thinners
- Printing Ink
- Leather Tanners
- Silicone Sealants
- Chemical Reactants
Fuel: It can be used in internal combustion engines as gasoline fuel.
Niche applications: It is used as a solvent for carbon nanomaterials, nanotubes and fullerenes.
Practise This Question