The Recording of Transaction-II is a method of accounting special journals, each intended for reporting all the transactions of a related nature. Here, all the transactions are registered in one book, all sales made on credit are registered on another book, all credit purchases are registered in yet another book and so on and so forth. These special journals are also called as subsidiary books or daybooks. Few transactions that are not recorded in the special journal are recorded in the journal proper. This special journal of Recording of Transaction-II is economical and helps in dividing the labor in accounting work.
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Importance of Special Journal
- Prompt and Effective Recording – For a small business, the transactions are initially recorded in the journal and then entered in the ledger account. However, for large companies, the number of transactions are more and becomes unmanageable to report each transaction. Therefore, for prompt, effective, and precise recording of a transaction, the journal is divided into special journals.
- Comparable Nature- In an organization there are many similar and repeated transactions. It is easier and more helpful to record an identical transaction in one record book and helps in segregating employees work. This can be done with the help of a special journal.
- Economical- The subsidiary book is cost-effective as it saves time and enhances the effectiveness of the workers.
- Easy Posting- All the related transactions are entered in one book so, it makes it easy to repost it in a ledger as it has already been segregated. Such as all sales made on credit are recorded in credit sales book.
- Comprehensive data in one book- All the similar data such as a purchase made on credit sale, cash payment, cash receipts are clearly and promptly available in one book.
Special Journal for Businesses
- Cash Book– The book is managed to register the cash payment and cash receipt. The entire transactions made to the bank and withdrawal from the bank is recorded in the book.
- Sales Book- All the sale of services and goods made on credit by the company is recorded in the book
- Purchased Book- All the credit purchase of services and goods made by the company is recorded in the book
- Sales Return Book or Return Inward Book- All goods returned by the customers which have sold to them previously on credit are recorded in the book
- Purchase Return Book or Return Outward Book- All the goods returned to the vendors which were earlier purchased on credit from them are recorded in the book
- Journal Proper- In this book, all the transaction which cannot be recorded in any books are filed in this book.
The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about ‘Recording Of Transaction – II’ for the Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.