Demographic Condition in Colonial India
Demographic Condition details regarding the population of British India were primarily obtained through a census in 1881. Though suffering from several conditions, it unveiled the unevenness in Indian population growth. Consequently, every 10 years such census procedures were conducted. Prior to 1921, India was in the initial step of demographic transformation.
The second step of transformation rose after 1921. Neither the cumulative population of India nor the rate of population increase at this step was high. The many social development signs were also not really promising. The comprehensive literacy level was less than 16%. Out of 16%, the female literacy level was at a negligible low of about 7%. Public health facilities were either unavailable to extensive parts of the population or when obtainable were highly lacking.
Also read: Occupational structure in India
The overall death rate was pretty high and in that, unusually, the infant death rate was considerably frightening – about 218 per 1,000 in contradiction to the present infant death rate of 40 per 1,000. Life expectancy was quite low – 44 years in contradiction to the present 68 years. In the lack of reliable statistics, it is challenging to define the intensity of poverty at that time but there is no suspicion that great poverty predominated in India during the colonial era which offered to the worsening outline of India’s population of the time. In such a poor demographic condition, water and air-borne diseases were widespread and took an enormous price on the lives of the people.
India’s Demographic Profile
|Low Literacy Rate||
|Low Standard of Living||
|High Bith and Death Rate||
|Poor Health Facilities||
|High Infant Mortality Rate||
|Low Life Expectancy||
Recommended links: Class 11 Economics Important Question
|Q.1 _____________refers to a widespread scarcity of food, hunger, starvation caused by crop failure, government policy etc.|
d. None of the above
|Q.2-________refers to an average number of years that a person can expect to live.|
|a. Infant mortality rate
b. Life expectancy
c. Death rate
d. Life rate
|Q.3 Life expectancy at the time of independence was____________ years.|
|1-a , 2-b, 3-c|
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