MCQs on Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

The comparative development experiences of India and its neighbours have shaped the economic policies of the subcontinent. India and their neighbours have carved their own development story after gaining independence from foreign powers. Their policies have played a major role in the economy of both Asia and the world. It is important to understand the role of these experiences and take lessons from the developmental journey of these countries.

We have listed below a number of multiple-choice questions on comparative development experiences of India and its neighbours to help students prepare for their exams.

  1. Which of the following statements is correct about the economic reforms in China?
    1. The economic reforms in China were initiated in the year 1978
    2. The economic reforms in China were initiated in the year 1988
    3. The economic reforms in China were initiated in the year 1998
    4. The economic reforms in China were initiated in the year 1968
  2. Answer: a

  3. Which of the following statements is true in relation to Pakistan, India and China?
    1. Pakistan is ahead both of India and China in terms of the total population
    2. Pakistan is ahead both of India and China in terms of the rate of urbanisation
    3. Pakistan is ahead both of India and China in terms of the density of population
    4. Pakistan is ahead both of India and China in terms of the fertility rate
  4. Answer: d

  5. Which of the following statements about the one-child norm is accurate?
    1. The rule of the one-child norm was introduced in Sri Lanka
    2. The rule of the one-child norm was introduced in Pakistan
    3. The rule of the one-child norm was introduced in China
    4. The rule of the one-child norm was introduced in India
  6. Answer: c

  7. Which of the following statements about human development is incorrect?
    1. The life expectancy at birth of a country is the true indicator of its human development levels
    2. The literacy rate of a country is the true indicator of its human development levels
    3. The density of population of a country is the true indicator of its human development levels
    4. The per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of a country is the true indicator of its human development levels
  8. Answer: c

  9. Which of the following is the main reason for understanding the economy of neighbouring countries?
    1. Understanding the economy of neighbouring countries allows a nation to identify its competitors
    2. Understanding the economy of neighbouring countries is essential for the scope of overall human development
    3. Understanding the economy of neighbouring countries allows a nation to identify strengths and weaknesses
    4. All of the above
  10. Answer: d

  11. Which of the following is correct about the five-year plan in Pakistan?
    1. The five-year plan in Pakistan is known as the people’s plan
    2. The five-year plan in Pakistan is known as planning development
    3. The five-year plan in Pakistan is known as the medium-term development plan
    4. None of the above
  12. Answer: c

  13. Which of the following statements is true developmental experience?
    1. China ranks first in terms of the developmental experience
    2. India ranks first in terms of the developmental experience
    3. Pakistan ranks first in terms of the developmental experience
    4. Bangladesh ranks first in terms of the developmental experience
  14. Answer: a

  15. Which of the following statements about the initial phase of reforms in China is correct?
    1. The agricultural sector was the main focus during the initial phases of the reforms in China
    2. The foreign trade sector was the main focus during the initial phases of the reforms in China
    3. The investment sector was the main focus during the initial phases of the reforms in China
    4. All of the above
  16. Answer: d

  17. Which of the following statements about the later phase of reforms in China is correct?
    1. The banking sector was the main focus during the later phases of the reforms in China
    2. The investment sector was the main focus during the later phases of the reforms in China
    3. The trade sector was the main focus during the later phases of the reforms in China
    4. The private sector was the main focus during the later phases of the reforms in China
  18. Answer: d

  19. Which of the following statements is true for the foodgrain production in Pakistan?
    1. The five-year plan was the main reason for the rise in foodgrain production in Pakistan
    2. The green revolution was the main reason for the rise in foodgrain production in Pakistan
    3. The mixed economy was the main reason for the rise in foodgrain production in Pakistan
    4. The government policy was the main reason for the rise in foodgrain production in Pakistan
  20. Answer: b

  21. Which of the following statements about fertility rates is correct?
    1. The fertility rate is very low in India and very high in Pakistan
    2. The fertility rate is very low in India and very high in China
    3. The fertility rate is very low in China and very high in Pakistan
    4. The fertility rate is very low in China and very high in Bangladesh
  22. Answer: c

  23. Which of the following is a feature of the Indian economy?
    1. Growth led by the service sector
    2. The high degree of urbanisation
    3. Growth led by the agricultural sector
    4. Growth led by the manufacturing sector
  24. Answer: a

  25. Which of the following statements is correct about the five-year plan in China?
    1. China announced its first five-year plan in 1953
    2. China announced its first five-year plan in 1993
    3. China announced its first five-year plan in 1983
    4. China announced its first five-year plan in 1963
  26. Answer: a

  27. Which year was the People’s Republic of China established in?
    1. 1950
    2. 1951
    3. 1949
    4. None of the above
  28. Answer: c

  29. The nationalisation of capital goods industries took place in _______ in the 1970s.
    1. India
    2. Pakistan
    3. China
    4. None of the above
  30. Answer: b

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