MCQs on Infrastructure

Infrastructure is a very important part of any economy, and it is one of the main components behind its growth. Some of the main examples of infrastructure that are a part of our surroundings include roads, railways, ports, airways, power stations, oil and gas pipelines. It is very important to note that some of these components have a direct effect on the production of goods and services while others play a contributing role. Nevertheless, the presence of robust infrastructure is important for the prosperity and socio-economic development of the nation.

We have listed below a number of multiple-choice questions on Infrastructure to help students prepare for their exams.

  1. Which of the following statements is incorrect about infrastructure?
    1. Infrastructure is an important contributor to economic development
    2. All infrastructural facilities directly impact the production of goods and services
    3. Infrastructure is required to provide support services
    4. None of the above
  2. Answer: b

  3. Which of the following statements is not a function of primary health care?
    1. Primary healthcare is involved in providing essential drugs
    2. Primary healthcare is involved in spreading education and awareness related to health problems
    3. Primary healthcare focuses on conducting research
    4. Primary healthcare is involved in promoting proper nutrition
  4. Answer: c

  5. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. The power that gets generated from water is known as thermal power
    2. The power that gets generated from water is known as atomic power
    3. The power that gets generated from water is known as tidal power
    4. The power that gets generated from water is known as hydroelectric power
  6. Answer: d

  7. Which of the following statements is true about social infrastructure?
    1. Electricity is an essential component of social infrastructure
    2. Roads and highways are an essential component of social infrastructure
    3. Internet is an essential component of social infrastructure
    4. Housing is an essential component of social infrastructure
  8. Answer: d

  9. Which of the following statements describes the state of infrastructure in low-income countries?
    1. Low-income countries generally do not invest in building transport services
    2. Low-income countries generally do not invest in building irrigation services
    3. Low-income countries generally do not invest in building power services
    4. Low-income countries generally do not invest in building telecommunication services
  10. Answer: d

  11. Which of the following statements is correct about the sources of power in India?
    1. Hydroelectricity is the largest source of power generation in India
    2. Thermal energy is the largest source of power generation in India
    3. Solar energy is the largest source of power generation in India
    4. Wind energy is the largest source of power generation in India
  12. Answer: b

  13. Which of the following statements is correct?
    1. Solar power is a non-conventional source of energy
    2. Wind power is a non-conventional source of energy
    3. Hydroelectric power is a non-conventional source of energy
    4. Thermal power is a non-conventional source of energy
  14. Answer: b

  15. The Census of 2001 showed that _____.
    1. Only 56 per cent of the total households in rural India had an electricity connection, while 43 of the households still used Kerosene
    2. Only 59 per cent of the total households in rural India had an electricity connection, while 45 of the households still used Kerosene
    3. Only 54 per cent of the total households in rural India had an electricity connection, while 47 of the households still used Kerosene
    4. Only 59 per cent of the total households in rural India had an electricity connection, while 40 of the households still used Kerosene
  16. Answer: d

  17. Which of the following statements about energy consumption in India is correct?
    1. The tertiary sector in India has the highest level of energy consumption
    2. The industrial sector in India has the highest level of energy consumption
    3. The transport sector in India has the highest level of energy consumption
    4. The health sector in India has the highest level of energy consumption
  18. Answer: b

  19. The Ministry of Power has ___________.
    1. Launched the power in excess programme with the objective of improving the efficiency of thermal stations
    2. Launched the partnership in power programme with the objective of improving the efficiency of thermal stations
    3. Launched the power in excellence programme with the objective of improving the efficiency of thermal stations
    4. Launched the partnership in excellence programme with the objective of improving the efficiency of thermal stations
  20. Answer: d

  21. Which of the following statements is true about categories of infrastructure?
    1. Infrastructure is divided into two categories: Political and Social
    2. Infrastructure is divided into two categories: Economic and Social
    3. Infrastructure is divided into two categories: Political and Economic
    4. Infrastructure is divided into two categories: Technological and Social
  22. Answer: b

  23. Which of the following statements about the role of infrastructure in economic development is true?
    1. Infrastructure helps to raise the overall productivity of the factors of production
    2. Infrastructure helps to improve the quality of life in a country
    3. Both a and b are incorrect
    4. Both a and b are correct
  24. Answer: d

  25. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Economic infrastructure helps to improve the stock of physical capital, while social infrastructure helps to improve the stock of human capital
    2. Political infrastructure helps to improve the stock of physical capital, while social infrastructure helps to improve the stock of human capital
    3. Economic infrastructure helps to improve the stock of physical capital, while political infrastructure helps to improve the stock of human capital
    4. Technological infrastructure helps to improve the stock of physical capital, while political infrastructure helps to improve the stock of human capital
  26. Answer: a

  27. Which of the following is a secondary source of energy?
    1. Hydrocarbons
    2. Oil
    3. Both a and b are correct
    4. Both a and b are incorrect
  28. Answer: b

  29. Which of the following statements is true about conventional sources of energy?
    1. Conventional sources of energy are non-commercial
    2. Conventional sources of energy are commercial
    3. Conventional sources of energy can be both commercial and non-commercial
    4. Conventional sources of energy are neither commercial nor non-commercial
  30. Answer: c

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