Top 9 Difference Between Economic Growth and Economic Development

The terms Economic Growth and Economic Development sound very similar. However, the two concepts are different. While Economic growth is a quantitative concept, Economic development is a qualitative concept.

What is Economic Growth?

Economic Growth is defined as the increase in the money value of goods and services produced by all sectors of the economy per head during a particular period. It is a quantitative measure that shows the possible increase in the number of commercial transactions in an economy.

Economic growth can be measured in terms of the increase in the aggregate market value of additional goods and services produced, using economic concepts such as GDP and GNP.

Economic growth is a much narrower concept when compared to Economic Development.

Also Check: Human Capital on Economic Growth

What is Economic Development?

Economic development refers to the process by which the overall health, well-being, and academic level of the general population of a nation improves. It also means improved production volume due to the advancements of technology.

It is the qualitative improvement in the life of citizens of a country and is most appropriately determined by Human Development Index (HDI). The overall development of a country is based on many parameters such as standard of living, technological advancements, living conditions, improvement in self-esteem needs, quality of life, the creation of job opportunities, per capita income, infrastructural and industrial development, GDP and much more.

Let us look into the most significant points of difference between Economic Growth and Economic Development from the following table.

Basis of Comparison

Economic Growth

Economic Development

Definition Increase in the monetary growth of a nation in a particular period It refers to the overall development of the quality of life in a nation which includes economic growth
Span of Concept It is a narrower concept than Economic Development It is a broader concept than Economic Growth
Scope It is a uni-dimensional approach which deals with the economic growth of the nation It is a multi-dimensional approach that looks into the income and as well as the quality of life of the nation
Term Short-term process Long-term process
Measurement Quantitative Both Quantitative and Qualitative
Applicable to Developed Economies Developing Economies
Government Support It is an automatic process that may or may not require intervention from the government It requires intervention from the government as all the developmental policies are formed by the government
Kind of changes expected Quantitative changes Quantitative as well as qualitative changes
Examples GDP, GNP HDI, Per capita Income, Industrial Development

This article helps students gain a broader understanding of the concepts of Economic Growth and Economic Development and the difference between them. For more such interesting concepts, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

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