MCQs on Poverty

Poverty is a very big problem for Indian society. A number of people in our country are living below the poverty line, and as such, they are not able to take care of their basic needs. So it is important for the government to concentrate on providing gainful employment to a large part of our population so that they can lead a more prosperous life.

We have collated a list of multiple-choice questions on Poverty to help students get a better understanding of this topic.

  1. _________ poor are the people who move in and out of poverty on a regular basis.
    1. Occasionally
    2. Chronic
    3. Churning
    4. None of the above
  2. Answer: b

  3. Which of the following is a characteristic of people below the poverty line?
    1. Debt trap
    2. Gender inequality
    3. Poor health
    4. All of the above
  4. Answer: d

  5. Which of the following is the full form of MPCE?
    1. Minimum per capita expenditure
    2. Maximum per capita expenditure
    3. Monthly per capita expenditure
    4. None of the above
  6. Answer: c

  7. Which of the following are examples of self-employment programs in India?
    1. Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojna
    2. Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojna
    3. Both a and b are incorrect
    4. Both a and b are correct
  8. Answer: d

  9. Which of the following is a part of transient poor?
    1. Churning poor
    2. Occasionally poor
    3. Both a and b are correct
    4. Both a and b are incorrect
  10. Answer: c

  11. In which year was the National Food for Work Programme launched in India?
    1. 2005
    2. 2004
    3. 2002
    4. 2001
  12. Answer: b

  13. Which of the following programs was initiated by the Government of India to improve the food and nutritional levels of the poor in the country?
    1. Midday meal scheme
    2. Integrated child development scheme
    3. Public distribution scheme
    4. All of the above
  14. Answer: d

  15. Which of the following methods do economists use to identify the poor?
    1. Ownership of assets and occupation
    2. Annual income
    3. Savings
    4. None of the above
  16. Answer: a

  17. Which of the following is the main reason behind the poor people in India getting limited economic opportunities?
    1. Lack of skills and basic literacy
    2. Scarcity of resources
    3. Most of them live in rural areas
    4. None of the above
  18. Answer: a

  19. Which of the following is the main reason for the decline in the per capita availability of land for the purpose of cultivation?
    1. Rapid growth of population and lack of employment
    2. Pollution in land and water bodies because of excessive usage of agrochemicals
    3. Frequent droughts
    4. All of the above
  20. Answer: d

  21. Which of the following are the two categories of poverty identified by the United Nations Development Programme?
    1. Income and human poverty
    2. Income and relative poverty
    3. Rural and absolute poverty
    4. Rural and relative poverty
  22. Answer: a

  23. Which of the following countries has a greater prevalence of relative poverty?
    1. Developed countries
    2. Underdeveloped countries
    3. Socialist countries
    4. Capitalist countries
  24. Answer: d

  25. Which of the following countries has a greater prevalence of absolute poverty?
    1. Developed countries
    2. Underdeveloped countries
    3. Developing countries
    4. Capitalist countries
  26. Answer: c

  27. The per-day calorie estimate of poverty for rural economies is __________.
    1. Less than 2400
    2. Less than 2200
    3. Less than 2100
    4. Less than 2000
  28. Answer: a

  29. The per-day calorie estimate of poverty for urban economies is __________.
    1. Less than 2400
    2. Less than 2200
    3. Less than 2100
    4. Less than 2000
  30. Answer: c

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