Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics

The economic wealth or well-being of a nation thus does not certainly rely upon the meagre ownership or possession of resources; the point is how these resources are utilised in causing a flow of manufacturing and how, as a result, income and wealth are caused from that procedure.

What are Final Goods?

In our modern economic position, this flow of manufacturing emerges out of the manufacturing of goods – commodities and services by millions of firms small and large. These firms range from giant enterprises employing a large number of people to single entrepreneur firms.

Each manufacturer of goods plans to sell their output. It can range from small articles like buttons or pins to the bigger ones like helicopters, automobiles, machinery or any other services like that of the lawyer, the doctor or the financial counsellor – the commodities and services are manufactured for selling to the customers. The customer may, in turn,

  • Can be an individual or a firm and the commodities or service bought by that organisation might be for end-use or for the use in further manufacturing
  • When it is utilised in further manufacturing, it often loses its features as that specific commodity and is modified through a productive procedure into another commodity
  • Hence, a farmer manufacturing wool sells it to a spinning mill where the raw wool is modified to form yarn; the yarn is, later, being sold to a textile mill where, through a productive process, is modified into cloth; the cloth is, in turn, modified further into an article of clothing which is then ready to be sold to the end-user.
  • Such an article that is meant for end-user and will not pass through any more phases of manufacturing or modifications is termed as a final good

What are Consumer Goods?

Out of the final goods, we can differentiate between consumption goods and capital goods. Goods such as food and clothing, services like recreation that are utilised when bought by their ultimate customers are called consumption goods or consumer goods. (This also incorporates services which are utilised, but for the benefit, we may term them as consumer goods)

The above mentioned is the concept that is explained in detail about the Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

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