What is Tabular Presentation of Data?
A table helps representation of even large amount of data in an engaging, easy to read and coordinated manner. The data is arranged in rows and columns. This is one of the most popularly used forms of presentation of data as data tables are simple to prepare and read.
The most significant benefit of tabulation is that it coordinates data for additional statistical treatment and decisionmaking. The analysis used in tabulation is of 4 types:
- Qualitative Classification: When the classification is done according to traits, such as physical status, nationality, social status, etc., it is known as qualitative classification.
- Quantitative Classification: In this, the data is classified on the basis of features which are quantitative in nature. In other words, these features can be estimated quantitatively.
- Temporal Classification: In this classification, time becomes the categorising variable and data are classified according to time. Time may be in years, months, weeks, days, hours, etc.,
- Spatial Classification: When the categorisation is done on the basis of location, it is called spatial classification. The place may be a country, state, district, block, village/town, etc.,
Basics of Tabular Presentation
|Concept of Tabulation||
|An Illustration of a Blank Table to Present:
Faculty/stream-wise Distribution of Students of Senior Secondary Classes in an Institution:
Objectives Of Tabulation:
Following are the Objectives Of Tabulation:
- To Simplify the Complex Data
- To Bring Out Essential Features of the Data
- To Facilitate Comparison
- To Facilitate Statistical Analysis
- Saving of Space
What Are the Three Limitations of a Table?
Following Are the Major Limitations of a Table:
(1) Lacks Description
- The table represents only figures and not attributes.
- It ignores the qualitative aspects of facts.
(2) Incapable of Presenting Individual Items
- It does not present individual items.
- It presents aggregate data.
(3) Needs Special Knowledge
- The understanding of the table requires special knowledge.
- It cannot be easily used by the layman.
Explain the Main Parts of a Table:
Following Are the Main Parts of a Table:
|(1) Table Number||
|(4) Captions or Column Headings||
|(5) Stubs or Row Headings||
|(6) Body of the Table||
|(7) Source Note||
|Q.1-Whether Tabulation Makes the Data Simple or Complex?|
|Q.2-Give Two Reasons to Use Footnotes in a Table?|
(i) To point out any exceptions to the data.
(ii) Mention any special circumstances affecting the data.
|Q.3-Where is ‘head-note’ Placed in a Table?|
|Ans: A headnote is given in small brackets in prominent words just below the main title.|
|Q.4-What is the Importance of Table Number?|
|Ans: Table number makes it easier to find out the relevant table.|
|Q.5-What is the Main Part of the Table Called?|
Multiple Choice Questions
|Q.1 ___________ explains the specific feature of the table which is not self-explanatory|
b. Source note
c. Body of table
|Q.2 At the top of each column in a table a column designation is provided to explain figures of the column which is known as ___________.|
c. Head note
|Q.3 ___________ part of table gives information about unit used in table to represent data.|
c. Head note
|1-a, 2-b, 3-c|
The above-mentioned concept is for CBSE class 11 Statistics for Economics – Tabular Presentation of Data. For solutions and study materials for class 11 Statistics for Economics, visit BYJU’S or download the app for more information and the best learning experience.
Important Topics in Commerce: