Unemployment Rate Formula

Unemployment rate is defined as that share of people who are without any job. This rate is expressed in percentage.

Unemployment rate falls and rises as per the prevailing economic conditions. If the economy is down which makes the availability of jobs scarce, then the employment rate will increase.

Similarly, the unemployment rate will be expected to decline when a country’s economy is doing well and registering good growth, along with plenty of job opportunities available for the public.

The unemployment rate formula can be expressed as

Unemployment Rate = Unemployed / Civilian Labor Force


Unemployment Rate = No. of Unemployed Persons / (No. of Employed Persons + No. of Unemployed Persons)

Let us understand the terms and conditions for being considered unemployed

  1. In order to be considered unemployed, a person must be of 16 years age and is available to work for full time in the last four weeks.
  2. The person should be actively looking for a job during this period.
  3. The exceptional cases would be those who are temporarily laid off and are looking for joining back.

The civilian labour force, as mentioned in the formula, consists of both employed and unemployed people.

This completes the topic on the Unemployment Rate formula, which plays an important role in determining the unemployment rate in an economy. To learn more about such interesting concepts of Economics for Class 12, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

Important Formulas for Commerce Students
National Income Formula Marginal Cost Formula
GDP Deflator Formula Price Elasticity of Demand Formula Total Cost Formula
Elastic Demand Formula Marginal Revenue Formula Money Multiplier Formula
Inflation Rate Formula Total Revenue Formula Consumer Surplus Formula
GDP Formula Nominal GDP Formula Balance of Payments Formula
Consumer Price Index Formula Real GDP Formula Income Elasticity of Demand Formula


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