Similar to several competitive exams, the CAT also involves the percentile calculation of the candidates. The CAT percentile is important since the IIMs and numerous other B-Schools use the percentile score as a selection criterion for admissions in their various management courses.
What is a CAT Percentile?
In general, a percentile can be defined as a statistical measure of distribution. The definition of percentile can be further simplified as the total percent of quantity (or data) that is below a particular level. In terms of the CAT exam, a percentile can be simply explained as the percent of candidates below a respective percentile. For example, a percentile score of 99 (of any individual) means that 99 percent of the candidates are below this particular individual. The candidates can check the percentile calculator to get an idea about their respective percentiles.
How is CAT Percentile Calculated?
Initially, the candidates are allotted a particular rank according to their respective CAT scores. Then, the score of the candidates are normalized and the scaled CAT scores are converted to percentiles. The percentile is calculated using the given formula:
CAT Percentile= [1- (Respective Rank in CAT exam/ Total no. of CAT candidates)] * 100
An illustration is provided here for clear understanding:
Suppose, Mr. X obtains a rank of 4500 amongst the total of 300,000 candidates who appeared for the CAT exam. By the aforementioned formula, the percentile of Mr. X can be calculated as-
CAT percentile of Mr. X= [1- (4500/ 300,000)] * 100
i.e. = 98.5.
This percentile score of Mr. X implies that 98.5% of the total candidates have their scores below Mr. X or, in other words, 1.5% of candidates scored more than him in the exam.
Importance of CAT Percentile
The CAT percentile is extremely crucial since the shortlisting for counselling involves the percentile scores of the candidates. The IIMs and other management schools put forth their respective cut-offs every year after the conduction of the CAT exam. The candidates clearing those cut-offs are considered for shortlisting and are called for successive rounds. Candidates can check the CAT percentile wise colleges to get a brief idea about the competition in the particular management schools and prepare accordingly.
It should be noted that the CAT percentile is calculated up to three decimal places and then rounded off. So, the candidates scoring more than 99.985 percentile gets their respective percentiles as 100.
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