CAT Logical Reasoning

In 2015, CAT authorities have separated the Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation sections from the Verbal and Quantitative sections. Generally, Logical Reasoning for the CAT section contains 34 questions or more with a sectional duration of 60 minutes. The CAT logical reasoning section is also a favourite section of numerous aspirants, but if not careful enough, candidates tend to make silly mistakes and eventually lose scores.

Practising different types of Logical Reasoning questions can be one way to reduce those mistakes. Also, being aware of them beforehand will help to avoid similar mistakes during the CAT exam.

CAT Logical Reasoning: Overview

Total CAT Logical Reasoning Questions 16
Total Marks in Logical Reasoning For CAT Section 48
Types of Question in CAT LR Section MCQs and TITA
Total Non-MCQs (TITA) in Logical Reasoning 3-4
Difficulty in Verbal Ability Section Moderate
Marking Scheme in CAT Verbal Section +3 (For Correct Answer)


-1 (For Incorrect Answer)


0 (For Unmarked Answer)

All the other details related to CAT LR section including CAT logical reasoning section and types questions are discussed below along with some tips that can help the CAT aspirants to prepare for this section in a more effective way.

CAT Logical Reasoning

What is Logical Reasoning for CAT?

Logical reasoning is the ability to recognize and determine the meaning of patterns using a variety of information. It is the primary tool used in solving problems of every kind, including maths problems. Every candidate has these skills and uses them in all aspects of daily life, sometimes even without consciously being aware of it.

Logical Reasoning questions are designed to measure an aspirant’s ability to understand a system of relationships and to draw appropriate conclusions about those relationships. Each question is based on a short passage or a set of conditions. These questions focus on Logical consistency as well as numerical reasoning based type questions. Logical reasoning requires drawing conclusions from a set of rules, statements or conditions that describe relationships among entities such as persons, places, or things.

Important Articles for CAT Logical Reasoning Section:

CAT Logical Reasoning Tips:

Here are some tricks and tips that might help the CAT candidates to improve the way to solve Logical Reasoning questions while practising.

  • Draw the LR Questions on Paper, not on the Mind

Logical Reasoning questions are mostly based on arrangement type questions, that will have certain conditions to fulfil. Great attention to detail helps to solve them in very little time. Experts say to draw the conditions first and then start answering the given questions.

So, It is always better to draw the inferences drawn from the statements. There are certain smaller implications that become clear as and when the question progresses.

  • Critical Thinking is critical to solve Logical Reasoning Questions

Consider this question –
There are four males sitting on a bench to be photographed.


They are sitting as per these conditions:
1. Vijay is sitting to the left of Ravi
2. Ram is sitting to the right of Ravi.
3. Sonu is between Ravi and Ram.

Question: Who would be 2nd to the left, in the photograph?

The Answer is Sonu. Read the question again – Who would be the 2nd to the left, IN THE PHOTOGRAPH?

When the sentence, in the Photograph comes, the seating arrangement will turn to 180 degrees.
So, Sonu would be 2nd to the left, in the photograph.

Had the question been – who is the person sitting 2nd to the left, for the photographer, then the arrangement would be – Ram, Sonu, Ravi and Vijay.

So, it is seen how these little things can affect the answers and ability to score the marks in CAT exam. Time and again, it has been stressed, the questions like this, consists of three to four questions which will be carrying more marks. If one condition is not looked upon critically, the whole arrangement will be wrong, which in turn will affect the marks.

  • Put in Small Blanks to Fill Question Figures There

If the number of people is given in the question, then the figure must be drawn first. For example, if the question says, five people, sitting around the circle facing the centre- then the sequence with 5 blank spaces should be quickly drawn.

Once the conditions of those questions are read, dissecting them bit by bit, will help to solve the Logical Reasoning questions faster. So, putting the pieces together and the right arrangement will be easily made.

For more such tips, visit CAT Logical Reasoning Tips.

Logical reasoning can be very tricky, but with the right practice and methods, you can score well in this section and ace the CAT exam. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn various tricks and techniques from India’s best CAT trainers.