The UPSC civil services mains exam is scheduled to commence on 27th September 2018. There will be nine papers out of which two are for your optional subjects. They are called paper I and paper II for the optional subject. Each paper is out of 250 marks giving your optional subject a total of 500 marks. As you see, they are important for your final ranking in the IAS exam. Animal husbandry and veterinary science is one of the optionals that the UPSC offers. It is a highly specialised subject and one that must not be attempted by those without a prior knowledge of it. Read on for more about animal husbandry & veterinary science optional for UPSC mains exam.
Animal husbandry is the management and care of farm animals by humans. Veterinary Science is the science of diagnosing, treating and curing diseases in birds and animals. It covers the study of animal physiology, treatment and prevention of diseases among animals.
Know the syllabus
The first step to take even before you select the optional is to check out the UPSC syllabus for animal husbandry & veterinary science first. Take up this optional only if you have taken zoology, veterinary science, agriculture, dairy, life sciences, biotechnology, biomedical sciences and related fields during your graduation. After fixing on this optional, read through the syllabus to find out if you are comfortable studying it for the IAS exam.
It is suggested that you don’t omit any topic in the syllabus for this optional because the UPSC is asking questions from unconventional areas also. (Advice from Raj Kamal Yadav, AIR-21/2012).
Understand the two papers
Once you have internalised the syllabus, the next step is to go through previous year question papers of this optional so that you can get a feel of the kind of questions the UPSC asks. You may feel that Paper I is more general, unlike Paper II which requires a specialised knowledge of Zoology. However, it is seen that the Paper II in Zoology optional is tougher than the Paper II of animal husbandry & veterinary science.
Get the recommended study material
The next step is to study from the best books for animal husbandry and veterinary science optional. The books are easily available and most of them would have been covered in the degree level itself if you are from a veterinary background.
Practice previous years IAS question papers
This step is crucial to your performing well in the civil services exam. You can download the UPSC previous papers for your practice from BYJU’S website for free.
In general, this optional takes 4-5 months of your preparation time if you prepare for 12-15 hours every week.
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