UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Composite Water Management Index
In pursuit of cooperative and competitive federalism, Niti Aayog has been laying emphasis on developing indicators on various social sectors. The Composite Water Management Index was launched by the NITI Aayog as a tool for assessing and improving the performance in the efficient management of water resources. The index was crafted with the objective of inspiring the States and the Union territories to use the water resources in an efficient manner and practice water recycling with a sense of urgency. The index is first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation and all the states/ Union Territories. Its proposed by the NITI Ayog that the “Composite Water Management Index” will be published on an annual basis in the future.
- The Composite Water Management Index encompasses twenty-eight indicators and nine parameters.
- Aspects such as irrigation, groundwater, restoring the water bodies, drinking water policy and governance are included in the index.
- In order to take into account the varying hydrological conditions across the groups and for the purpose of analysis, the reporting states have been classified into two special groups,
- North Eastern and the Himalayan States
- Other states
Findings of the Composite Water Management Index report:
- The report pointed out that India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat.
- It is predicted that by 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people.
- most states have achieved a score below 50 percent and could significantly improve their water resource management practices.
- North Eastern and the Himalayan States: Tripura, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Assam have topped the list.
- Other States: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra have topped the list in that particular order. While Jharkhand, Haryana, and Bihar were the worst performing states.
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