- Ashok Sajjanhar, Former Diplomat
- Nikhil Chouguley, Co-founder, Resident
- Professor Harsh V Pant, Distinguished Fellow and Head of ORF’s Strategic Studies
- Shiv Shankar Mukherjee, Former Ambassador
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi, propelled his Commonwealth exceed through a progression of gatherings with pioneers of Indian Ocean Region, African, Caribbean and Pacific Islands.
The theme of the summit was ‘Towards a Common Future’.
The four main goals set for the summit included:
- Prosperity: Boosting intra-Commonwealth exchange and venture.
- Security: Increasing collaboration crosswise over security challenges including worldwide psychological oppression, sorted out wrongdoing and digital assaults.
- Fairness: Promoting majority rules system, essential opportunities and great administration over the Commonwealth.
- Sustainability: Building the versatility of little and defenseless states to manage the impacts of environmental change and other worldwide emergencies.
Importance of the event:
- Plans to place India in the initiative position in the gathering where China is absent.
- This is an imperative piece of India’s persistent effort as key player in the Indian Ocean Region and Africa in the midst of China’s advances.
- It would enable India to fortify its quality in zones where China is progressively dynamic, for instance in Africa where India is building an advancement part, and in the Indian Ocean and somewhere else, for example, the Pacific and Caribbean where it could reinforce its association with the Commonwealth small island states.
- India’s spotlight at the meet is on normal, more pleasant, secure, feasible and prosperous future
Organisation and objectives
- Queen Elizabeth II is the nominal Head of the Commonwealth. Some members of the Commonwealth recognize the Queen as head of state. These members are known as Commonwealth Realms; however, the majority of members are republics, and a handful of others are indigenous monarchies.
- The role of Head of the Commonwealth is best likened to that of a ceremonial president-for-life. In constitutional terms, this position is neither a hereditary monarchy nor an elective presidency.
- As a result it is not clear whether the current heir apparent to the British and many other Commonwealth thrones, Prince Charles, will automatically assume the position of Head of the Commonwealth or whether another head of state within the Commonwealth might be asked to assume that position.
- Since 1965 there has been a London-based Secretariat. The organisation is celebrated each year on Commonwealth Day, the second Monday in March.
- The Commonwealth has long been distinctive as an international forum where highly developed economies (the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand) and many of the world’s poorer countries seek to reach agreement by consensus.
- This aim has sometimes been difficult to achieve, as when disagreements over Rhodesia in the 1970s and over apartheid South Africa in the 1980s led to a cooling of relations between Britain and African members.
- The main decision-making forum of the organisation is the biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM), where Commonwealth presidents or prime ministers assemble for several days to discuss matters of mutual interest.
- CHOGM is the successor to the Prime Ministers’ Conferences and earlier Imperial Conferences and Colonial Conferences dating back to 1887. There are also regular meetings of finance ministers, law ministers, health ministers, etc.
- The most important statement of the Commonwealth’s principles is the 1991 Harare Declaration, which dedicated the organisation to democracy and good government, and allowed for action to be taken against members who breached these principles.
- Before then the Commonwealth’s collective actions had been limited by the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other members.
- Since the London Declaration of 1949, which built up the cutting edge Commonwealth, India has held a significant position in this intentional relationship of 54 autonomous sovereign states. It was India’s choice in 1948, as a recently free Republic, to stay in the Commonwealth which impacted other Asian and African nations to join the association and which opened the time of the cutting edge Commonwealth.
- Founded: 1949
- Head of the Commonwealth: Queen Elizabeth
- Member-states: 53 (31 small states, many of them islands)
- Population: 2.4 billion (60% under the age of 30)
- Smallest country: Tuvalu (11,000); largest: India (1.3 billion)
- GDP: $13 trillion by 2021
- Commonwealth secretariat: Marlborough House, London
Prime announcements at the summit
- Declared a huge number of funds for improvement and capacity building ventures for nations in the gathering.
- Raising to £2 billion from £1 billion in the region of Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation
- Opening Commonwealth sub finance in India-UN support as grants of $ 50 million for 5years
- Improved commitment for Commonwealth-state workplaces in New York and Geneva
- Preparing for cricket for 30 young ladies and 30 young men by BCCI.
India’s pivotal role at CHOGM
- Open door for India to draw in with different nations: Potential of CHOGM has not been acknowledged yet there is incredible incentive in this affiliation.
- There exists extraordinary vulnerability and unusualness on the worldwide level with China embracing a main part. India is in a superior position to shape strategies today.
Relevance of grouping:
- In the event that it needs to survive, it needs to revamp itself. England has understood that India should be gotten, in a significantly greater manner.
- At once, when India is extending its worldwide impression, the contention of CHOGM being a relic of the past, does not remain constant. India should accept this open door up; and re-take a gander at how India can draw in with different players.
- As India involves a huge position, Britain is exceptionally quick to connect with India as its special accomplice.
- England is India’s entryway to Europe and if the ties are disjoined (post BREXIT), India’s respective relations with Europe may endure, which India needs to drive forward and advance.
Expectations from India:
- Rethink and shape arrangements for CHOGM
- Chance of advancing our perspectives that influence our interests at the universal level
- India should focus on formative exercises in the LDCs and connect with them as it will be strategically simpler
The Way Forward – Seize the Opportunity
India must not misuse the open door exhibited by the recharged enthusiasm for the Commonwealth. India should make dynamic moves to
- Cross over any barrier amongst creating and created individuals from the discussion
- India ought to give the authority that will make the Commonwealth a viable multilateral discussion stage to connect with wide assortment of nations at one go for encourage coordinated effort
- Offer shape to a model of universal co-activity and organization particular from that of China choose and shape the standards of the amusement; expels one impediment to important discourses
- Use accomplice nations’ innovation and money related position for exchange and plans like Make in India, Smart Cities, and so on.
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