UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – UN Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework
UN Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) is adopted by 193 United Nation Member States. The declaration comprises historic and wide-ranging commitments which reaffirm the commitments of the member states of respecting the Human Rights of the migrants and the refugees and to provide support to the countries welcoming them.
- The United Nations High Commission for Refugees is vested with the responsibility of developing and initiating the application of CRRF in specific situations in close coordination with the stakeholders such as UN agencies and other relevant states by the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants (New York Declaration).
- The CRRF lays down key elements for a full-fledged response to large movement of refugees including speedy and well-supported acceptance and admissions, assistance to national as well as local institutions and communities welcoming refugees, provision of support for instantaneous and further needs in the fields of health, education, protection and expansive opportunities for solutions.
- It plays a significant role in the provision of long-term solutions for the refugees for peaceful and hassles free integration into the host communities. The approach is built upon the idea that the refugees should gradually be included in the host communities.
- The framework envisions ensuring access to education and right to work legally to the refugees so that they become self-reliant, contribute to the local economy and develop their own skills.
Tanzania has announced its withdrawal from United Nation’s “Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework” stating the reasons of lack of funds and security concerns. The country has been considered as a safe haven for the refugees, specifically from the conflict-hit Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi. The country blames international community for not releasing enough funds to help Tanzania integrate refugees.
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