UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – UNSC Resolution 2427
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has adopted Resolution 2427 to provide a legal framework for mainstreaming the rights, well-being, protection, and empowerment of children in armed conflicts. The resolution also aims to combat the recruitment of children by Non-State armed groups and treat the formerly recruited children primarily as victims. The resolution was unanimously approved by the 15 member council.
- The 15‑member Council committed to taking concrete action in response to serious abuses and violations of human rights — including those of children — which could constitute early indications of descent into conflict.
- The resolution strongly condemns recruitment and use of children in armed conflicts as well as their re-recruitment, rape, maiming, killing and any other form of abduction or sexual violence.
- It also condemns attacks against schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflict and all other violations of international law committed against children in situations of armed conflict.
- It demands that all relevant parties immediately put end to such practices and take special measures to protect children.
- It also emphasizes the responsibility of all states to put end to immunity; investigate and prosecute those responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and other conspicuous crimes committed against children.
- It recapitulates the Security Council’s readiness in adopting graduated and targeted measures against persistent perpetrators of violations and abuses against children.
- It calls on the UN and the member states to mainstream child protection into all relevant activities in the prevention of during conflict and post-conflict situations, with the aim of sustaining peace and preventing conflict.
- It reiterates the importance of ensuring that children continue to have access to basic services during the conflict and post-conflict periods, including education and health care.
- It urges the member states of the UN, bodies and civil society to take into account, specifically, girls’ equal access to education.
- It also stresses the importance of long-term and sustainable funding for mental health and psychosocial programming in humanitarian contexts.
- It aims at ensuring all affected children receive timely and sufficient support
- It encourages the donors to integrate mental health and psychosocial services in all humanitarian responses.
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