Top-Down Model Vs. Bottom-Up Model: Explore What is the Difference Between Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approach?
Both of these are types of design approaches that define various parts of a given system, and they follow a different modus operandi. Let us know more about each of them individually before we dive into the difference between top-down and bottom-up approach.
What is a Bottom-Up Model?
It is a design approach that defines the various parts of a system in detail. In this method, after designing and developing the system parts, we link them together for ultimately preparing a bigger component. The process keeps repeating this approach until it finally builds the complete system. The primary advantage of the Bottom-Up Model is that we can make decisions at a very low level. We also get to decide which components we will reuse.
What is a Top-Down Model?
It is basically a system design approach that starts the design from any given system as a whole. In this model, we divide the complete system into various smaller applications containing more details. After this, every part goes through a top-down approach. This process gets repeated time and again until we complete designing the complete system (along with all of its minute details). The Top-Down approach aims at breaking down a bigger problem into smaller individual problems. This way, we can solve them separately (in a recursive manner) and finally deal with the overall system.
Difference Between Bottom-Up Model and Top-Down Model
|Focus||In this model, we focus on first identifying and then resolving the smallest of the issues. After that, we integrate them into a solution to a bigger problem.||In this model, we basically focus on breaking down a bigger problem into various smaller ones. This way, we can solve individual smaller issues.|
|Approach||This model follows the composition approach.||This model follows the decomposition approach.|
|Languages||Mostly, various programming languages like C++, Java, etc., that are object-oriented make use of the Bottom-Up Model.||Various structural programming languages follow the Top-Down Model, such as Fortran, C, etc.|
|Interaction||This type of model possesses higher interactivity among all of its modules.||This type of model has issues with tight coupling. Thus, the interactivity among all of the modules involved is pretty low.|
|Redundancy||This model works better in such cases. It is because it ensures minimum redundancy of data. It has a primary focus on reusability.||This model shows a higher redundancy ratio with the increase of the given project size.|
|Issues||In this type of model, it sometimes becomes very difficult to identify the overall functionality of any system in its initial stages.||In this type of model, the process of breaking down a problem into various sets of minute problems may not be possible at times.|