How is a Federation formed?

A federation can be formed in two ways:

  • By way of integration
    • A number of militarily weak or economically backward states (independent) come together to form a big and strong union. 
    • Example – The United States.
    • The US is the first and the oldest federation in the world. 
  • By way of disintegration
    • A big unitary state is converted into a federation by granting autonomy to the provinces to promote regional interest.
    • Example – Canada

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