What are the differences between rural and urban settlements?

Rural settlements

Urban settlements

Urban settlements usually refer to cities, suburbs and towns. 

Rural settlements usually refer to villages

Urban areas have more development in terms of access to infrastructure and connectivity like airports, ports, railways, housing, roads etc.

Rural areas usually don’t have much development in terms of infrastructure. 

Urban areas are densely populated

Rural areas are sparsely populated

The rural settlements derive their life support or basic economic needs from land-based primary economic activities,

Urban settlements depend on the processing of raw materials and manufacturing of finished goods on the one hand and a variety of services on the other

Rural people are less mobile and therefore, social relations among them are intimate.

In urban areas, on the other hand, the way of life is complex and fast, and social relations are formal.

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