What are the drawbacks of CAA?

Drawbacks of CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019):

  • The bill does not protect all religious minorities, nor does it apply to all neighbours. The act is violativeof Art. 14 of the Constitution that guarantees the right to equality to both the citizens and foreigners and the principle of secularism enshrined in the preamble of the constitution.
  • CAA won’t apply to areas under the sixth schedule of the Constitution that deals with autonomous tribal-dominated regions in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The bill will also not apply to states that have the inner-line permit regime (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram). Several of the states in this region, are sparsely populated, with a substantial tribal population. Thus, there was a fear that an influx of immigrants, irrespective of religion, would alter the culture and affect the voting patterns, leading to a compromise in the cultural traditions.
  • It is difficult for the government to differentiate between illegal migrants and those persecuted.
  • The act may worsen our bilateral ties with neighbouring countries where religious oppression has happened.

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