All eight goals had different indicators. The table given below mentions the list of 8 MDGs along with their indicators:
||Millennium Development Goal
||Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- The proportion of population living on less than $1 per day;
- Poverty gap ratio, which is the mean distance below the $1 a day poverty line;
- Share of the poorest quintile in national consumption.
- Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age;
- The proportion of the population below the minimum level of dietary energy consumption.
||Achieve universal primary education
- Net enrolment ratio in primary education;
- The proportion of pupils starting grade 1 and reaching grade 5;
- Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds.
||Promote gender equality and empower women
- Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education;
- Ratio of literate females to males aged 15 to 24;
- Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector;
- Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
||Reduce child mortality
- Under-five mortality rate;
- Infant mortality rate;
- Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measles.
||Improve maternal health
- Maternal mortality ratio;
- Proportion of births attended by skilled medical personnel.
||Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15 to 24;
- Ratio of condom use to other contraceptive methods;
- Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS.
||Ensure environmental sustainability
- Proportion of land area covered by forest;
- Ratio of area protected in order to maintain biological diversity to surface area;
- Energy use (metric ton oil equivalent) per $1 GDP;
- Carbon dioxide emissions per capita and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs;
- Proportion of population using solid fuels.
- Proportion of population (urban and rural) with sustainable access to an improved water source.
||Develop a global partnership for development
- Official Development Assistance received in landlocked countries as a proportion of the gross national incomes;
- Official Development Assistance received in small island developing states as a proportion of their gross national incomes.
- Unemployment rate of 15 to 24 year olds, for each sex and in total.
- Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis.
Aspirants can refer to Economics Notes For UPSC for detailed preparation strategy and study material.