- The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.
- The Constitution of India has vested in the Election Commission of India the superintendence, direction and control of the entire process for conduct of elections to Parliament and Legislature of every State and to the offices of President and Vice-President of India.
- It determines constituencies and prepares electoral rolls.
- It allots election symbols to different political parties and individual contestants.
- It appoints tribunals for the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with the election to parliament and State Legislatures.
- It issues the Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that the decorum of democracy is maintained.
- It registers political parties eligible to contest elections.