What is groundswell report?

The Groundswell report is developed by the World Bank’s Climate Change Group. Its first part was released in 2018 and the second part ‘Groundswell: Acting on Internal Climate Migration’ was released in September 2021. The report suggests that by 2050, more than 216 million people in 6 world regions could be forced to migrate within their own countries if a concrete climate and development action plan for climate change is not devised. 

The two reports’ combined findings provide a global picture of the potential scale of internal climate migration across the six World Bank regions. Given below are the projected statistics of internal migration as per the report:

  • Sub-Saharan Africa could see as many as 85.7 million internal climate migrants (4.2 percent of the total population)
  • East Asia and the Pacific – 48.4 million (2.5 percent of the total population)
  • South Asia – 40.5 million (1.8 percent of the total population)
  • North Africa – 19.3 million (9.0 percent of the total population)
  • Latin America – 17.1 million (2.6 percent of the total population)
  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia – 5.1 million (2.3 percent of the total population)

Climate change is a powerful driver of internal migration because of its impacts on people’s livelihoods and loss of livability in highly exposed locations.

Groundswell Report

(Image Source: worldbank.org)

Further Reading:

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