Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having a legislative body. The job of delimitation is assigned to a high power body. Such a body is known as Delimitation Commission or a Boundary Commission. In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times.
About delimitation commission:
- The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
- It is appointed for the purpose of drawing up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
- A quota of constituencies to be reserved in each State is fixed depending on the proportion of SC or ST in that State. After drawing the boundaries, the Delimitation Commission looks at the composition of the population in each constituency.
- Those constituencies that have the highest proportion of Scheduled Tribe population are reserved for ST.
- In the case of Scheduled Castes, the Delimitation Commission looks at two things.
- It picks constituencies that have a higher proportion of the Scheduled Caste population.
- It spreads these constituencies in different regions of the State.
- This is done because the Scheduled Caste population is generally spread evenly throughout the country. These reserved constituencies can be rotated each time the Delimitation exercise is undertaken.