Polity Questions and Answers

Indian Polity and governance form an important part of the civil services exam syllabus. Questions based on the same are asked in the two written examinations for UPSC recruitment. In this article, BYJU’S brings to you a compiled list of Polity questions important from prelims and mains perspective.

The answers to the questions below have been given by IAS experts, and candidates can get brief and crisp answers to these questions based on important topics. These topics have been picked from UPSC Syllabus, especially based on the General Studies II paper of the mains examination.

Constitution, political systems and patterns, fundamental rights, parliaments, etc. constitute a part of the polity syllabus for the two phases of the exam and questions given below will help candidates get upfront and unambiguous answers to all polity questions for exam preparation.

The first meeting of the Indian Constituent Assembly was held on 9 December 1946. The Constituent Assembly was constituted for formulating or...
Government of India Act 1935 has the most influence on the current Constitution of India. The experience gained by Indians in the working of the...
The full form of NREGA is National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005. On 2nd October 2009, an amendment was made in the National Rural...
As per Article 352 of the constitution, the President of India can declare a national emergency when the security of India or a part of it is...
Article 245 of the Indian constitution talks about the extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States. It gives Parliament...
Dr Sachidanand was the first president of the Constituent Assembly of India. Later Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected the President of the...
Article 245 of the Indian constitution talks about the extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States. It gives Parliament...
Article 254 deals with inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States. It talks about the doctrine of...
Article 246 of the Constitution deals with the division of power between the Union and the States. It demarcates the powers of the Union and the...
Article 45 talks about the provision for free and compulsory education for children. It states that “The State shall endeavour to provide,...
Attorney General is the highest law officer in India. Article 76 of the Indian Constitution under its Part-V deals with the position of Attorney...
The concept of ‘Concurrent List’ in the Indian Constitution has been borrowed from the Constitution of Australia. It has 52 subjects...
Article 257 deals with the control of the Union over States in certain cases. It provides that the executive power of every state shall be so...
Article 248 of the constitution deals with residuary powers. Residuary power refers to the power of jurisdiction upon subjects that are not...
Article 270 deals with taxes levied and collected by the Union and distributed between the Union and the States. It allows cess to be excluded...
The Sarkaria Commission was appointed by the then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi. It is a three member commission under the chairmanship of...
The National Emergency has been declared 3 times in India.  1962 to 1968: During the India-China war, when "the security of India" was...
Sarkaria Commission submitted its report to the then prime minister Rajiv Gandhi on 27 October 1987.Its charter was to examine the relationship...
Current status of MGNREGS: The Government of India has allocated Rs. 73,000 crore at the Budget Estimate stage for the current financial year...
Rajmannar Commission was set up by the then DMK Government of Tamil Nadu in 1969 under the Chairmanship of Dr P.V. Rajamanar. It was appointed to...

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