Reactive Intermediate in chemistry is a highly reactive, high energy and a short-lived molecule that will quickly turn into a stable molecule when it is generated in a chemical reaction. In certain cases, they are separated and stored. For example Matrix Isolation and Low temperatures.
Matrix Isolation is a technique that is used experimentally in physics and chemistry that includes a material that has been trapped within an unreactive material. Host matrix generally comprises of guest particles that are generally embedded. Guest particles can be molecules, atoms, and ions. The guest is isolated within the host matrix.
Reactive intermediates occur only in one of the intermediate steps but in the case of other chemical reactions, they take more than one elementary steps. It differs from a simple reaction intermediate or product or reactant only through fast spectrographic methods. Spectroscopy is a study of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and matter. They are categorized based on the type of radiative energy used in the interaction.
Features of Reactive Intermediate
Its existence can be proved with the help of chemical trapping. The chemical trap is nothing but a chemical compound that detects a molecule in certain cases and they are illustrated below:
- When the molecule is highly reactive or when it cannot be determined by Spectroscopic means.
- When the concentration of the molecule is below the detection limit.
- When a molecule is present within the mixture, where elements of a component interfere with its detection.
It is hard to distinguish from a transition state. It is a state that corresponds to a potential energy at the higher level long with reaction coordinate. It is a type of chemical reaction that comprises of a particular configuration along a reaction coordinate.
Here cage effects cannot be taken into consideration. In chemistry, cage effect illustrates how molecular properties are affected by its surroundings. The cage particle must diffuse from its solvent cage in order to interact with other molecules.