Factors of 81

The factors of 81 are the numbers, that produce the result as 81 when two numbers are multiplied together. Consider an example, the factor pair of 7 is written as (1,7) and (-1,-7). When we multiply the pair of negative factors, the result should give the original number, such as multiplying -1 × -7, then we get the number 7. Thus, we can consider both positive and negative factor pairs of 7. Factor pairs of the number 81 are the whole numbers which could be either positive or negative but not a fraction or decimal number. To find the factors of a number, 81, we will use the factorization method.

Factors of 81

In the factorization method, first consider the numbers, 1 and 81 as factors and continue with finding the other pair of multiples of 81 which gives the results as an original number. To understand this method in a better way, read the article below to find the factors of 81 in pairs. Also, the prime factors with the help of the division method are discussed here

Important Facts of Factors

  • A factor of any number is its exact divisor
  • 1 is a factor of every number.
  • Any factor of a number is always less than or equal to the number itself
  • The number itself is the greatest factor.

Pair Factors of 81

To find the factors of 81 in pairs, multiply the two numbers in a pair to get the original number as 81, such numbers are as follows

If 1 × 81 = 81, then (1, 81) is a pair factor of 81.

Similarly, let us find other pair factors

3 × 27 = 81, (3, 27) is a pair factor of 81

9 × 9 = 81, (9, 9) is a pair factor of 81

Therefore, the positive pair factors are (1, 81), (3, 27), and (9, 9).

To find the negative pair factors, then proceed with the following steps

If -1 × -81 = 81, then (-1,- 81) is a pair factor of 81

-3 × -27 = 81, (-3, -27) is a pair factor of 81

-9 × -9 = 81, (-9, -9) is a pair factor of 81.

Therefore, the negative pair factors are (-1, -81), (-3, -27), and (-9,- 9).

How to calculate the Factors of 81?

Learn the following steps to calculate the factors.

    • First, write the number 81
    • Find the two numbers, which gives the result as 81 under the multiplication, say 3 and 27, such as 3 × 27 = 81.
    • We know that 3 is a prime number which has only two factors, i.e., 1 and the number itself( 1 and 3). So, it cannot be further factorized.

3 = 3 × 1

    • But look at the number 27, which is a composite number but not a prime number. So it can be further factorized.

27 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 1

  • Therefore, the factorization of 81 is written as 81 = 3 x 3 × 3 × 3 × 1
  • Finally, write down all the unique numbers which we can obtain from 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 1.
Factors of 81
1, 3, 9, 27, and 81

Prime Factors of 81 By Division Method

The number 81 is a composite and it should have prime factors. Now let us know how to calculate the prime factors of a number 81.

    • The first step is to divide the number 81 with the smallest prime factor, say 3.

81 ÷ 3 = 27

Again, divide 81 by 3 and the process goes on.

27 ÷ 3 = 9

9 ÷ 3 = 3

3 ÷ 3 = 1

  • Finally, we received the number 1 at the end of the division process. So that we cannot proceed further. So, the prime factors are written as 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 or 34, where 3 is a prime numbers.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more about factors and prime factors of other numbers and also download BYJU’S – The Learning App for a better experience and clarification.

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