Important questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles are provided here based on the new pattern of CBSE for 2019-2020. Students who are preparing for the board exams of 2020 can practice these important questions of Circles For Class 10 to score full marks for the questions from this chapter.
Chapter 10 Circles has less number of questions and there is a scope that objective-based questions including short answer and long answer questions will occur in the board examination. Students are advised to refer to these important questions for class 10 maths as a part of their board exam preparation.
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Important Questions & Answers For Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles
Important questions with solutions for chapter 10 circles are given here for class 10 students, who are going to give board exam 2020. Practice these questions and increase your chances to score good marks.
Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1: How many tangents can be drawn from the external point to a circle?
Answer: Two tangents can be drawn from the external point to a circle.
Q.2:Given: A triangle OAB which is an isosceles triangle and AB is tangent to the circle with center O. Find the measure of ∠OAB.
Answer: The measure of ∠OAB in the given isosceles triangle OAB will be 45 degrees.
Q.3: What should be the angle between the two tangents which is drawn at the end of two radii and are inclined at an angle of 45 degrees?
Answer: The angle between them shall be: 135 degrees.
Q.4: Given a right triangle PQR which is right-angled at q. QR = 12 cm, PQ = 5 cm. The radius of the circle which is inscribed in triangle PQR will be?
Answer: The radius of the circle will be 2 cm.
Q.5: Define Tangent and Secant?
Answer: A tangent is a line which meets the circle only in one point.
A secant is a line which meets the circle at two points while intersecting it. These two points are always distinct.
Q.6: What is circle?
Answer: If we collect all the points given on a plane and are at a constant distance, we will get a circle. The constant distance will be called a radius and the fixed point will be the centre of the circle.
Q.1: From a point Q, the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q from the centre is 25 cm. The radius of the circle is
(A) 7 cm (B) 12 cm
(C) 15 cm (D) 24.5 cm
First, draw a perpendicular from the centre O of the triangle to a point P on the circle which is touching the tangent. This line will be perpendicular to the tangent of the circle.
So, OP is perpendicular to PQ i.e. OP ⊥ PQ
From the above figure, it is also seen that △OPQ is a right-angled triangle.
It is given that
OQ = 25 cm and PQ = 24 cm
By using Pythagorean theorem in △OPQ,
OQ2 = OP2 + PQ2
=> (25)2 = OP2 + (24)2
=> OP2 = 625 – 576
=> OP2 = 49
=> OP = 7 cm
So, option A i.e. 7 cm is the radius of the given circle.
Q. 2: Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.
First, draw a circle and connect two points A and B such that AB becomes the diameter of the circle. Now, draw two tangents PQ and RS at points A and B respectively.
Now, both radii i.e. AO and OP are perpendicular to the tangents.
So, OB is perpendicular to RS and OA perpendicular to PQ
So, ∠OAP = ∠OAQ = ∠OBR = ∠OBS = 90°
From the above figure, angles OBR and OAQ are alternate interior angles.
Also, ∠OBR = ∠OAQ and ∠OBS = ∠OAP (Since they are also alternate interior angles)
So, it can be said that line PQ and the line RS will be parallel to each other. (Hence Proved).
Q. 3: A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle as shown in the figure. Prove that AB + CD = AD + BC
From this figure,
(i) DR = DS
(ii) BP = BQ
(iii) AP = AS
(iv) CR = CQ
Since they are tangents on the circle from points D, B, A, and C respectively.
Now, adding the LHS and RHS of the above equations we get,
DR + BP + AP+ CR = DS + BQ + AS + CQ
By rearranging them we get,
(DR + CR) + (BP + AP) = (CQ + BQ) + (DS + AS)
AD + BC = CD + AB
Q. 4: Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle.
Draw two concentric circles with the centre O. Now, draw a chord AB in the larger circle which touches the smaller circle at a point P as shown in the figure below.
From the above diagram, AB is tangent to the smaller circle to point P.
∴ OP ⊥ AB
Using Pythagoras theorem in triangle OPA,
OA2 = AP2 + OP2
=> 52 = AP2 + 32
=> AP2 = 25 – 9 = 16
=> AP = 4
OP ⊥ AB
Since the perpendicular from the centre of the circle bisects the chord, AP will be equal to PB
So, AB = 2AP = 2 × 4 = 8 cm
Hence, the length of the chord of the larger circle is 8 cm.
Q. 5: Let s denote the semi-perimeter of a triangle ABC in which BC = a, CA = b, AB = c. If a circle touches the sides BC, CA, AB at D, E, F, respectively, prove that BD = s – b.
According to the question,
A triangle ABC with BC = a , CA = b and AB = c . Also, a circle is inscribed which touches the sides BC, CA and AB at D, E and F respectively and s is semi- perimeter of the triangle
To Prove: BD = s – b
According to the question,
Semi Perimeter = s
Perimeter = 2s
2s = AB + BC + AC 
As we know,
Tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal
So we have
AF = AE  [Tangents from point A]
BF = BD  [Tangents From point B]
CD = CE  [Tangents From point C]
Adding   and ,
AF + BF + CD = AE + BD + CE
AB + CD = AC + BD
Adding BD both side,
AB + CD + BD = AC + BD + BD
AB + BC – AC = 2BD
AB + BC + AC – AC – AC = 2BD
2s – 2AC = 2BD [From 1]
2BD = 2s – 2b [as AC = b]
BD = s – b
Practice Questions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles
- How many tangents can a circle have?
- Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.
- In a right triangle ABC in which ∠B = 90°, a circle is drawn with AB as diameter intersecting the hypotenuse AC and P. Prove that the tangent to the circle at P bisects BC.
- If an isosceles triangle ABC, in which AB = AC = 6 cm, is inscribed in a circle of radius 9 cm, find the area of the triangle.