MP Board Class 10th Science Syllabus

Science deals with the prediction, description, analysis and deep understanding of why a natural phenomena or process occurs. Scientific literacy is a necessity in today’s day and age. MPBSE have designed the class 10 science syllabus, laying stress to the fact.

Here we give you an overview of the MP Board 10th Class Science Syllabus.

There are a few of the reasons in order to understand why science is part of our curriculum. See here:

  • To acquire skills such as critical thinking and problem solving
  • Develops questioning ability in young minds
  • Helps students draw lines and relevance between nature and theoretical knowledge acquired
  • To come up with new scientific inventions beneficial to mankind

Succeeding is the syllabus for class 10 by the MP Board for the academic year – 2018 -19. Students can also access the mp board 10th blueprint 2020. 

Download MP Board Class 10th Science Syllabus PDF

THEME/ SUB-THEME QUESTIONS KEY CONCEPTS ACTIVITIES/ PROCESSES NO OF PERIODS
  • Food
2. Materials

 

Different kind of

Materials

How things

change/react

with one

Another?

 

Materials of

common use

 

How are

elements

classified?

Why are some

substances sour and

some bitter in taste?

Why does soap

solution feel

slippery?

Why does seawater

taste salty?

 

Why does iron rust?

Why does painted

iron not rust?

Why is burning

sensation removed

when one takes

antacids?

Why do substances

stop burning in the

absence of air?

Why is flame seen

when substances

burn?

Can substances

burn without flame?

Why does a

matchstick kept in

the blue part of the

flame not burn?

Why is a red coating

formed on the zinc

rod when it is kept

in copper sulphate

solution?

What is the material

of the coating?

 

How do copper,

silver, iron exist in

nature?

What is the

composition of

natural gas used for

cooking?

What is petrol?

What is vinegar?

 

How is common

salt obtained?

Besides its use in

food, is it used for

other purposes?

What makes

washing soda and

baking soda

different materials?

How does bleaching

powder make paper

and cloth white?

What is the white

material that is used

for making casts?

How do soaps clean

clothes?

Can some other material be used for cleaning clothes?

Why does a man

lose control on his body after drinking

alcohol?

Why do people

become blind on

drinking denatured

alcohol?

 

How do chemists

study such a large

number of

elements?

Acids, bases and salts:

General properties,

examples and uses.

Types of chemical

reactions:

combination,

decomposition,

displacement, double

displacement,

precipitation,

neutralisation,

oxidation and

reduction in terms

of gain and loss of

oxygen and

hydrogen.

 

Brief discussion of

basic metallurgical

processes.

Properties of

common metals.

Elementary idea

about bonding.

Carbon compounds,

elementary idea

about bonding.

Saturated

hydrocarbons,

alcohols, carboxylic

acids: (no

preparation, only

properties).

Soap – cleansing

action of soap

Gradations in

properties:

Mendeleev periodic

table.

Testing different

substances with

indicators.

Neutralisation

reactions

 

Mixing pairs of

substances

mentioned

such as turmeric, lime juice, vinegar, baking soda, yeast, hot water and so, to see the

reactions –

discussion on

chemistry in the

kitchen, chemistry

inside our bodies.

Carrying out simple

reactions that

encompass

decomposition,

displacement,

double

displacement,

precipitation,

neutralisation,

oxidation and

reduction.

 

Discussions on

metallurgical

processes and

simple experiments

involving metals,

with chemical

reactions.

Experiments

involving reactions

of carbon and its

compounds with

chemical reactions.

Use of models.

 

Use of kit materials including common salt, washing soda, baking soda, lime, limestone, bleaching powder and so for demonstration

as well as

performing of

experiments by

student of

properties.Visits to

factories.

 

Predicting trends on

the basis of the

table.

5

 

10

 

16

 

8

5

3. The World

of the Living

Our

Environment

 

How do we

stay alive?

Control in the

living

Reproducti

Reproduction

in the living

 

Heredity and

evolution

What will happen if

we bury different

materials in the soil?

What will happen if

we kill all insects?

Some of us eat

meat; some do not –

what about animals?

 

What are the

processes needed

for living?

Why do roots grow

towards the

ground? Can we

make them grow

upwards? Why do

stems grow

upwards?

 

Do plants and

animals have similar

reproductive cycles?

Can we decide how

many children are

born in a family?

 

Why are we like our

parents? Did similar

plants and animals

exist in the past?

Did life always

exist?

Our Environment:

Environmental

problems, what can

we do? Bio

degradable, nonbiodegradable Ozone depletion.

Define ‘living’ things;

Basic concept of

nutrition, respiration,

transport and

excretion in plants

and animals.

 

Tropic movements in

plants; Introduction

to plant hormones;

Control and

coordination in

animals: voluntary,

involuntary and reflex

action, nervous

system; chemical

coordination: animal

hormones.

Reproduction in

plants and animals.

Need for and

methods of family

planning.

Safe sex vs. HIV/

AIDS.

Childbearing and

women’s health.

Heredity; Origin of

life: brief

introduction; Basic

concepts of

evolution.

Activity of burying

different materials in

the soil and studying

periodically what

happens; construction

of food web using

models, classification

of some common

plants and animals as

consumers etc.

Study various things

around to decide

whether they are

living/non living.

 

Experiments on

tropic movements in plants – geotropism,

hydrotropism,

phototropism,

interaction of

factors; experiment

on apical

dominance;

demonstration of

reflex action.

Study pollen tube

growth and pollen

tubes on a stigmatic

mount, mount

soaked seeds to see

embryonal axis,

cotyledons etc., seed

germination –

epigeal and

hypogeal; structure

of the hen’s egg.

Discussion on family

planning and

responsible

parenting.

Phenotypic ratio 3:1, 2:1., 9:3:3:1

8

 

15

10

 

10

10

4. Moving

Things,

People and

Ideas

5. How

things work

 

Electric Circuits

 

Magnets

In which direction

does current flow

inside a conductor?

 

How is potential

difference across a

conductor related to

current through the

Conductor?

How can you

arrange a given set

of resistors so that

the same current

flows through

all?

How are appliances

connected in a

House?

How much heat is generated when a

current I flows

through a resistor?

 

How does the

needle of a

compass change

direction when

placed at different

points near a

magnet?

 

Does a current

carrying conductor

produce a magnetic

field?

 

What happens to a

current carrying

conductor when it is

placed in a magnetic

field?

How does the

above effect help us

to design machines

to do work?

What do you

observe when a

magnet is moved

towards a wire

connected to a

Galvanometer?

 

How can the

phenomenon of

electromagnetic

induction be used

to design a device

to generate

Electricity?

Does the current

produced by a

generator have the

same direction all

the time?

How are the bulbs

etc. connected to

the AC source in

our homes?

Potential difference,

potential.

Ohm’s law

 

Series combination

of resistances.

 

Parallel combination

of resistances

Power dissipated due

to current. Inter

relation between P, V,

I and R.

Magnetic field

Field lines

 

Field due to a

current carrying wire.

Field due to current

carrying coil or

solenoid.

 

Force on current

carrying conductor

Fleming’s left hand

rule.

 

Electric motor.

 

Electromagnetic

induction.

Induced potential

differences, induced

current.

 

Electric generator.

principle and

working.

Direct current.

Alternating current;

frequency of AC.

Advantage of AC

over DC.

 

Domestic electric

circuits.

Using a simple

electric circuit, show

that charges flow

from higher

potential to lower

potential.

Use the analogy of

flow of water from

higher (potential to

highest energy)

lower height (lower

potential energy).

 

Using a circuit

consisting of a

conductor, battery,

key, voltmeter and

ammeter, establish a

relationship between

potential difference

and current and

hence Ohm’s law.

Using the Ohm’s law

circuit, establishing

the properties of

series combination

and the rule for

resistance.

Establishing the rule

for parallel

combination of

resistors.

 

Identification of

appliances in daily

life base on heating

effect of current.

Calculation of

power in daily life

situations.

 

Drawing magnetic

field lines in vicinity

of a bar magnet.

Demonstrating that

a current carrying

conductor produces

a magnetic field.

Demonstrating the

magnetic field

produced by a

current carrying coil

or solenoid.

 

Demonstrating that a

current carrying

conductor when

placed in a magnetic

field experiences force.

 

Demonstrating the

working of a

motor.

Identifying the

appliances based on

electric motors.

 

Demonstrating that

current is induced in

a coil kept near a

coil in which current

changes.

 

Demonstrating the

principle and

working of a

generator.

 

Familiarising with

voltage and

frequency of AC in

our homes.

Explaining the

working of domestic

electric circuits.

Demonstrating the use of a fuse in

domestic circuit

 

12

 

12

6. Natural

Phenomena

Why is paper burnt

when light passing

through a lens

strikes it?

Does a spherical

mirror also exhibit

similar

phenomenon?

Can we see a full

image of a tall

building using a

small mirror?

Why does a spoon

partly immersed in

water in a

transparent glass

appear broken at

the level of water

when viewed from

the sides?

What do lenses do?

How do they

correct defects in

Vision?

 

Why does the path

of light change on

entering a different

Medium?

Why or how does a

prism disperse light?

 

Why is the sky blue?

Convergence and

divergence of light.

 

Images formed by a

concave mirror;

related concepts

centre of curvature,

principal axis. Optical

centre, focus, focal

length.

 

Refraction; laws of

refraction.

Images formed by a

convex lens;

functioning of lens in

human eye;

problems of vision

and remedies.

Application of

spherical mirrors and

lenses.

Appreciation of

concept of

refraction; velocity

of light; refractive

index; twinkling of

stars; dispersion of

Light.

Dispersion of light.

 

Scattering of light.

Observation of

convergence and

divergence with

lenses.

Exploring and

recording features

of images formed

by a concave mirror,

by placing an object

beyond c.c.,

between c.c. and

focus, and between

pole and focus; ray

diagrams.

Activity to explore

laws of refraction.

Activity exploring and

recording features of

images formed by

convex lens. Ray

diagrams. Studying

the glasses used by

human beings to

correct different

vision defects

 

Activities studying

Refraction.

 

Observation of

objects through

prisms; tracing rays

refracted through a

prism; discussion.

Activity showing

scattering of light in

emulsion etc.

25
7. Natural Resources

 

Conservation

of Natural

Resources

 

The regional

environment

 

Sources of

energy

How can we

contribute to

protect

environment in our

locality?

What are the major

global

environmental issues

of direct relevance

to us?

What are the steps

expected on the

part of local

administration to

maintain balances in

nature in your

region? How can

we help?

 

How does the

construction of big

dams affect the life

of the people and

the regional

environment?

Are rivers, lakes,

forests and wild life

safe in your area?

 

What are the

various sources of

energy we use? Are

any of these sources

limited? Are there

reasons to prefer

some of them over

others?

People’s

participation. Chipko

movement.

Legal perspectives in

conservation and

international scenario.

Big dams:

advantages and

limitations;

alternatives if any.

Water harvesting.

Sustainability of

natural resources.

Different

Management of

natural resources.

Conservation and

judicious use of

natural resources.

Forest and wildlife,

coal and petroleum

conservation.

People’s

participation. Chipko

movement.

Legal perspectives in

conservation and

international scenario.

 

Big dams:

advantages and

limitations;

alternatives if any.

Water harvesting.

Sustainability of

natural resources.

 

Different forms of

energy, leading to

different sources for

human use: fossil

fuels, solar energy;

biogas; wind, water

and tidal energy;

nuclear energy.

Renewable versus

non-renewable

sources.

Case studies with

focus on

commercial

activities exploiting

natural resources.

Effect of these on

varies cycles in

nature.

Making posters/

slogans for creating

awareness.

 

Case studies with

focus on issues of

construction of

dams and related

phenomena (actual/

probable).

Debates on issues

involved.

Discussion.

Making models and

charts in groups.

Making a solar

heater/cooker.

 

8

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