NCERT Solution For Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 4 - Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm - Retirement/Death Of A Partner

NCERT Solutions are said to be an extremely helpful book while preparing for the CBSE Class 12 Accountancy examinations. This study material owns a deep knowledge and the Solutions collected by the subject matter wizards are no distinct.

NCERT Solution For Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 4 – Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death Of A Partner furnishes us with an all-inclusive data to all the concepts. As the students would have learnt the basic fundamentals about the subject of accountancy in Class 11, this curriculum for Class 12 is a continual part of it; which explains the concepts in a great way.

Download PDF Of NCERT Solution For Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 4 – Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death Of A Partner

 

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 4 – Reconstitution Of A Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death Of A Partner

Short Questions for NCERT Accountancy Solutions Class 12 Part 1 Chapter 4

1. What are the different ways in which a partner can retire from the firm?

Here are the different ways:

1. For a partner to retire consent of firm’s co-partners is required. A partner can retire if all partners agree with the decision to retire.

2. A partner can express his desire to retire by issuing a notice to the firm in case there is a written agreement.

3. A partner can retire by giving a written notice to all other partners in absence.

2. Write the various matters that need adjustments at the time of retirement of partner/partners.

At the time of retirement of partner/partners, following matters needs adjustment:

1. Determining new gaining ratio of the partners who are remaining in the firm.

2. Determine new ratio of firms remaining partners.

3. Determine goodwill of the firm and ensure its proper accounting treatment

4. Revaluating liabilities and assets of the new firm.

5. Distributing among all the partners the accumulated profits and losses, along with reserves.

6. Retiring partner’s settlement

7. Revised calculation of capital accounts of remaining partners and their new and updated profit sharing ratio.

8. Joint life policy treatment.

3. Distinguish between sacrificing ratio and gaining ratio.

Basis of Difference Sacrificing ratio Gaining Ratio
1. Meaning The ratio where a partner of a firm agree to sacrifice the profit share and make it available for new partner. That ratio in which a partner obtains the profit share from the partner who is leaving the firm.
2. Calculation Calculated as difference between old and new ratio Calculated as difference between new and old ratio
3. Time Calculation done at the admission of a new partner Calculation done at the retirement/death of a partner.
4. Objective It is used to determine the profit and loss share that is sacrificed by the current partners at the time of joining of new partner. It is used to determine profit and loss share that is obtained by the existing partners when a partner retires/becomes deceased
5. Effect Existing partners profit share is reduced Continuing partner profit share is increased.

4. Why do firm revaluate assets and reassess their liabilities on retirement or on the event of death of a partner?

As a partner retires or is taken away by death, it becomes critical to determine the liabilities and assets value on the current date to get a fair idea about its true worth. Revaluation becomes essential as liabilities and assets may increase or decrease in value as time passes. It may also happen that certain liabilities and assets had remained unrecorded the last time books are updated. As a partner retires/ death happens, it may have a positive/negative impact on the value of firm’s liabilities and assets. Therefore, it is a good idea to revaluate the value so that the true profit/loss can be determined so that it can be share d among partners as per sharing ratio as determined at the time of setting up partnership.

5. Why a retiring/deceased partner is entitled to a share of goodwill of the firm?

A firm earns goodwill by the efforts of the partners and is regarded as one of the most important intangible asset. After a partner retires or is dead, the good work that was done by that partner should be acknowledged and hence a proper compensation should be provided to the partner in form of a part of goodwill of firm.

Long Questions for NCERT Accountancy Solutions Class 12 Part 1 Chapter 4

1. Explain the modes of payment to a retiring partner.

Payment modes are discussed below:

1. When amount due to retiring partner is paid back in a lump sum amount, on the day of retirement, journal entries are as mentioned below

Retiring Partner’s Capital A/c Dr.
To Cash/Bank A/c
(Payment made to the retired partner)

2. Amount to be paid to retiring partner can be paid in installments to the loan account, which helps partner earn interest on loan.

Retiring Partner’s Capital A/c Dr.
To Retiring Partner’s Loan A/c
(Capital account balance of Retiring partner transferred to account to the Loan account of retiring partner).

3. Part Payment: When the retiring partner needs to be paid some amount in cash and some as equal installments, then a certain sum of money is paid on day of retirement and rest of the sum is paid on a monthly basis to partners loan account. Following entries help show this type of transaction.

Retiring Partner’s Capital A/c (total due amount payable to partner) Dr.

To Retiring Partner’s Loan A/c (amount transferred to loan account)

To Cash A/c (part payment in form of cash)

(Part payment to retiring partner in cash as well as transfer to loan account)

2. How will you compute the amount payable to a deceased partner?

To determine the amount payable to the deceased partner, the legal executor is entitled to calculate that. It is arrived at posting these items in debit and credit side respectively.

Items to be posted on debit side:

1. Credit balance of deceased partner’s capital account.

2. Profit share of the partner till his/her death

3. Share of goodwill of the partner.

4. Any gain on revaluation of liabilities and assets

5. Any salary or commission earned, till the date of demise.

6. Share in accumulated reserves and profit account

7. Any interest earned on capital

8. Share in life insurance policy

Items to be posted on credit side:

1. Deceased Partners debit balance from capital account.

2. Total drawings done till death of partner

3. Interest charged on drawings if any till the day of death.

4. Reduction in profit share or loss up to date of death.

5. Share of accumulated loss for the partner and firm

A legal executor balances excess of credit over the debit side of a deceased partner.

Deceased Partner’s Capital Account
Dr.         Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Revaluation A/c (Loss) Balance b/d
Profit and Loss Suspense A/c

(Loss share till the date of death)

Profit and Loss Suspense A/c

(Share of profit up to the date of the death)

Goodwill
Accumulated Losses A/c Reserves and Profits
Goodwill A/c (Written off) Revaluation A/c (gain)
Partner Executor’s A/c Joint Life Policy A/c
(Balancing Figure) Interest on Capital A/c
Salary A/c
Commission A/c

3. Explain the treatment of goodwill at the time of retirement or on the event of death of a partner?

Goodwill is subjected to treatment on these two conditions:

1. When goodwill is present in the books of firm.

2. When goodwill is not present in books of the firm

1. When goodwill is present in books

The first step is to write off the goodwill if it is present in the books and must be distributed among the partners in the firm in the agreed profit sharing ratio. The journal entry will be like:

All Partners’ Capital A/c Dr.

To Goodwill A/c

(Goodwill written off among partners)

The next step will be adjusting goodwill using partners’ capital account with the share of goodwill of the deceased or retired partner

Remaining Partner’s Capital A/c Dr.

To Retiring/Deceased Partner’s Capital A/c (partners’ capital account debited and retiring/deceased partners account credited)

2. When goodwill is not present in books of the firm

As goodwill is not present in the books of firm, it gets adjusted from the partners’ capital account along with the deceased/retired partners share. Following entry is passed:

Remaining Partner’s Capital A/c Dr.

To Retiring/Deceased Partner’s Capital A/c

(Partners’ capital account debited and retiring/deceased partners account credited)

4. Discuss the various methods of computing the share in profits in the event of death of a partner.

In the unlikely event of the death of a partner during the year, the executor is entitled for a profit sharing up to the date of death of the partner. Profit sharing can be calculated by two methods:

1. On Time Basis: In this method, profit earned till the date of partners death is considered for calculation on the basis of last year/year’s profit or average profit earned in last few years. It is assumed that profit will remain constant throughout the year and the deceased partner will be eligible for profit share which is proportionate till the date of partner’s death.

Share of Deceased Partner in Profit =

Chp 4-1

2) On the sale basis: Calculation of profit is based on last year’s sale as per this method and also it is assumed that net profit of current year is similar to last year’s profits.

Share of Deceased Partner’s Profit =
Chp 4-2×Sales counted from the beginning of the current year up to the date of death × Share of deceased partner

Numerical Questions for NCERT Accountancy Solutions Class 12 Part 1 Chapter 4

1. Aparna, Manisha and Sonia are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. Manisha retires and goodwill of the firm is valued at ₹ 1, 80,000. Aparna and Sonia decided to share future in the ratio of 3:2. Pass necessary Journal entries.

 

 Books of Aparna, and Sonia

 

Journal

 

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

Aparna’s Capitals A/c Dr. 18,000
Sonia’s Capital A/c Dr. 42,000
To Manisha’s Capital A/c 60,000
(Manisha’s share of goodwill adjusted to Aparna’s and

Sonia’s Capital Account in their gaining ratio )

Working Notes:

1. Manisha’s share in goodwill:

Total goodwill of the firm × Retiring Partner’s Share =
Chp 4-3

2. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio − Old Ratio

Aparna Gaining share
Chp 4-4

Chp 4-5

Gaining Ratio between Aparna and Sonia = 3: 7

3. Aparna’s share in goodwill
Chp 4-6

Sonia’s share in goodwill
f

2. Sangeeta, Saroj and Shanti are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 2:3:5. Goodwill is appearing in the books at a value of ₹ 60,000. Sangeeta retires and goodwill is valued at ₹ 90,000. Saroj and Shanti decided to share future profits equally. Record necessary Journal entries.

 

 Books of Saroj and Shanti

 

Journal

 

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

Sangeeta’s Capital A/c Dr. 12,000
Saroj’s Capital A/c Dr. 18,000
Shanti’s Capital A/c Dr. 30,000
To Goodwill A/c 60,000
(Goodwill written off)
Saroj’s Capital A/c Dr. 18,000
To Sangeeta’s Capital A/c 18,000
(Sangeeta’s share of goodwill adjusted to Saroj’s Capital

Account in her gaining ratio)

Working Notes:

1. Sangeeta’s share of goodwill.

Total goodwill of the firm ´ Retiring Partner’s share Chp 4-8

2. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Saroj’s Gaining Share Chp 4-9

Shanti’s Gaining Share Chp 4-10

3. Himanshu, Gagan and Naman are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. On March 31, 2017, Naman retires.

The various liabilities and assets of the firm on the date were as follows:

Cash ₹ 10,000, Building ₹ 1, 00,000, Plant and Machinery ₹ 40,000, Stock ₹ 20,000, Debtors ₹ 20,000 and Investments ₹ 30,000.

The following was agreed upon between the partners on Naman’s retirement:

(i) Building to be appreciated by 20%.
(ii) Plant and Machinery to be depreciated by 10%.
(iii) A provision of 5% on debtors to be created for bad and doubtful debts.
(iv) Stock was to be valued at ₹ 18,000 and Investment at ₹ 35,000.

Record the necessary journal entries to the above effect and prepare the Revaluation Account.

 

 Books of Himanshu and Gagan

 

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

Building A/c Dr. 20,000
Investment A/c Dr. 5,000
To Revaluation A/c Dr. 25,000
(Value of Building and Investment increased at the time

of Naman’s retirement)

Revaluation A/c Dr. 7,000
To Plant and Machinery A/c 4,000
To Provision for Bad and Doubt Debts A/c 1,000
To Stock A/c 2,000
(Assets revalued and Provision for Bad and Doubtful Debts

made at the time of Naman’s retirement)

Revaluation A/c Dr. 18,000
To Himanshu’s Capital A/c 9,000
To Gagan’s Capital A/c 6,000
To Naman’s Capital A/c 3,000
(Profit on revaluation transferred to all Partners’ Capital

Accounts in their old profit sharing ratio)

Revaluation Account
Dr.   Cr.
Particular Amount

Particular Amount

Plant and Machinery 4,000 Building 20,000
Stock 2,000 Investment 5,000
Provision for Bad and Doubtful Debts 1,000
Profit transferred to Capital Account:
Himanshu 9,000
Gagan 6,000
Naman 3,000 18,000
25,000 25,000

4. Naresh, Raj Kumar and Bishwajeet are equal partners. Raj Kumar decides to retire. On the date of his retirement, the Balance Sheet of the firm showed the following: General Reserve’s ₹ 36,000 and Profit and Loss Account (Dr.) ₹ 15,000.

Pass the necessary journal entries to the above effect.

 

 Books of Naresh and Bishwajeet

 

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

General Reserve A/c Dr. 36,000
To Naresh’s Capital A/c 12,000
To Raj Kumar’s Capital A/c 12,000
To Bishwajeet’s Capital A/c 12,000
(General Reserve distributed among old partner in old ratio)
Naresh’s Capital A/c Dr. 5,000
Raj Kumar’s Capital A/c Dr. 5,000
Bishwajeet’s Capital A/c Dr. 5,000
To Profit and Loss A/c 15,000
(Debit balance of Profit and Loss Account written off)

5. Digvijay, Brijesh and Parakaram were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:2:1. Their Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017 was as follows:

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Creditors 49,000 Cash 8,000
Reserves 18,500 Debtors 19,000
Digvijay’s Capital 82,000 Stock 42,000
Brijesh’s Capital 60,000 Buildings 2,07,000
Parakaram’s Capital 75,500 Patents 9,000
  2,85,000 2,85,000
       

Brijesh retired on March 31, 2017 on the following terms:

(i)    Goodwill of the firm was valued at ₹ 70,000 and was not to appear in the books.

(ii)   Bad debts amounting to ₹ 2,000 were to be written off.

(iii)  Patents were considered as valueless.

Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Accounts and the Balance Sheet of Digvijay and Parakaram after Brijesh’s retirement.

 

 Books of Digvijay and Parakaram

 

Revaluation Account

Dr.   Cr.
Particular Amount

Particular Amount

Bad Debts 2,000
Patents 9,000 Loss transferred to Capital Account:
Digvijay 4,400
Brijesh 4,400
Parakaram 2,200
11,000 11,000
Partners’ Capital Account
Dr.   Cr.
Particularss Digvijay Brijesh Parakaram Particularss Digvijay Brijesh Parakaram
Brijesh’s Capital A/c 18,667 9,333 Balance b/d 82,000 60,000 75,500
Revaluation (Loss) 4,400 4,400 2,200 Digvijay’s Capital A/c 18,667
Brijesh’s Loan 91,000 Parakaram’s Capital A/c 9,333
Balance c/d 66,333 67,667 Reserves 7,400 7,400 3,700
89,400 95,400 79,200 89,400 95,400 79,200
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017 
Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Creditors 49,000 Cash 8,000
Brijesh’s Loan 91,000 Debtors 19,000
Less: Bad Debts 2,000 17,000
Digvijay’s Capital A/c 66,333 Stock 42,000
Parakaram’s Capital A/c 67,667 Buildings 2,07,000
2,74,000 2,74,000

Note: As sufficient balance is not available to pay the amount due to Brijesh, the balance of his Capital Account transferred to his Loan Account.

Working Note:

1. Brijesh’s Share of Goodwill

Total goodwill of the firm ´ Retiring Partner’s Share Chp 4-11

2. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Digvijay’s ShareChp 4-12

Parakaram’s ShareChp 4-13

Gaining ratio between Digvijay and Parakaram = 4: 2 or 2: 1

 

6. Radha, Sheela and Meena were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3:2:1. On April 1, 2017, Sheela retires from the firm. On that date, their Balance Sheet was as follows:

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Trade Creditors 3,000 Cash-in-Hand 1,500
Bills Payable 4,500 Cash at Bank 7,500
Expenses Owing 4,500 Debtors 15,000
General Reserve 13,500 Stock 12,000
Capitals: Factory Premises 22,500
Radha 15,000 Machinery 8,000
Sheela 15,000 Losse Tools 4,000
Meena 15,000 45,000
    70,500 70,500
         

The terms were:

a) Goodwill of the firm was valued at ₹ 13,500.

b) Expenses owing to be brought down to ₹ 3,750.

c) Machinery and Loose Tools are to be valued at 10% less than their book value.

d) Factory premises are to be revalued at ₹ 24,300.

Prepare:

1. Revaluation account

2. Partner’s capital accounts and

3. Balance sheet of the firm after retirement of Sheela.

 

Books of Radha and Meena

 

Revaluation Account

Dr. Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Machinery 800 Expenses Owing 750
Loose Tools 400 Factory Premises 1,800
Profit transferred to Capital Account:
Meena 675
Radha 450
Sheela 225 1,350
2,550 2,550
Parters’ Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Radha Sheela Meena Particulars Radha Sheela Meena
Sheela’s Capital A/c 3,375 1,125 Balance b/d 15,000 15,000 15,000
Sheela’s Loan A/c 24,450 General Reserve 6,750 4,500 2,250
Balance c/d 19,050 16,350 Revaluation (Profit) 675 450 225
Radha’s Capital A/c 3,375
Meena’s Capital A/c 1,125
22,425 24,450 17,475 22,425 24,450 17,475
Balance Sheet as on April 01, 2017

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Trade Creditors 3,000 Cash in Hand 1,500
Bills Payable 4,500 Cash at Bank 7,500
Expenses Owing 3,750 Debtors 15,000
Sheela’s Loan 24,450 Stock 12,000
Factory Premises 24,300
Capitals: Machinery 8,000
Radha 19,050 Less: 10% (800) 7,200
Meena 16,350 35,400 Loose Tools 4,000
Less: 10% (400) 3,600
71,100 71,100
         

Working Notes:

Working Notes:

1) Sheela’s share of goodwill

Total goodwill of the firm × Retiring Partner’s share =13,500×26=4, 50013x, 500×26=4,500

2) Gaining Ratio = New Ratio − Old Ratio

Radha’s Share
Chp 4-14

Meena’s Shares
Chp 4-15

Gaining Ratio between Radha and Meena = 6 : 2 or 3 : 1

 

7. Pankaj, Naresh and Saurabh are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. Naresh retired from the firm due to his illness. On that date the Balance Sheet of the firm was as follows:

Books of Pankaj, Naresh and Saurabh
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
General Reserve 12,000 Bank 7,600
Sundry Creditors 15,000 Debtors 6,000
Bills Payable 12,000 Less: Provision for Doubtful Debt 400 5,600
Outstanding Salary 2,200
Provision for Legal Damages 6,000 Stock 9,000
Capitals: Furniture 41,000
Pankaj 46,000 Premises 80,000
Naresh 30,000
Saurabh 20,000 96,000
1,43,200 1,43,200

Additional Information

(i) Premises have appreciated by 20%, stock depreciated by 10% and provision for doubtful debts was to be made 5% on debtors. Further, provision for legal damages is to be made for ₹ 1,200 and furniture to be brought up to ₹ 45,000.

(ii) Goodwill of the firm be valued at ₹ 42,000.

(iii) ₹ 26,000 from Naresh’s Capital account be transferred to his loan account and balance be paid through bank; if required, necessary loan may be obtained from Bank.

(iv) New profit sharing ratio of Pankaj and Saurabh is decided to be 5:1.

Give the necessary ledger accounts and balance sheet of the firm after Naresh’s retirement.

Revaluation Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Stock 900 Premises 16,000
Provision for Legal Damages 1,200 Provision for Doubtful Debts 100
Profit transferred to Capital: Furniture 4,000
Pankaj 9,000
Naresh 6,000
Saurabh 3,000 18,000
20,100 20,100
Partners’ Capital Accounts
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Pankaj Naresh Saurabh Particulars Pankaj Naresh Saurabh
Naresh’s Capital A/c 14,000 Balance b/d 46,000 30,000 20,000
Naresh’s Loan A/c 26,000 General Reserve 6,000 4,000 2,000
Bank 28,000 Revaluation (Profit) 9,000 6,000 3,000
Balance c/d 47,000 25,000 Pankaj’s Capital A/c 14,000
61,000 54,000 25,000 61,000 54,000 25,000
Bank Account
Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Balance b/d 7,600 Naresh’s Capital A/c 28,000
Bank Loan (Balancing Figure) 20,400
28,000 28,000
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017
Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Sundry Creditors 15,000 Debtors 6,000
Bills Payable 12,000 Less: Provision for Doubtful Debts 300 5,700
Bank Loan/overdraft 20,400 Stock 8,100
Outstanding Salaries 2,200 Furniture 45,000
Provision for Legal Damages 7,200 Premises 96,000
Naresh’s Loan 26,000
Capitals:
Pankaj 47,000
Saurabh 25,000 72,000
1,54,800 1,54,800

8. Puneet, Pankaj and Pammy are partners in a business sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:2:1 respectively. Their balance sheet as on March 31, 2017 was as follows:

Books of Puneet, Pankaj and Pammy
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017
Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Sundry Creditors 1,00,000 Cash at Bank 20,000
Capital Accounts: Stock 30,000
Puneet 60,000 Sundry Debtors 80,000
Pankaj 1,00,000 Investments 70,000
Pammy 40,000 2,00,000 Furniture 35,000
Reserve 50,000 Buildings 1,15,000
3,50,000 3,50,000

Mr. Pammy died on September 30, 2017. The partnership deed provided the following:

(i) The deceased partner will be entitled to his share of profit up to the date of death calculated on the basis of previous year’s profit.
(ii) He will be entitled to his share of goodwill of the firm calculated on the basis of 3 years’ purchase of average of last 4 years’ profit. The profits for the last four financial years are given below: for 2013–14; ₹ 80,000; for 2014–15, ₹ 50,000; for 2015–16, ₹ 40,000; for 2016–17, ₹ 30,000.

The drawings of the deceased partner up to the date of death amounted to ₹ 10,000. Interest on capital is to be allowed at 12% per annum.

Surviving partners agreed that ₹ 15,400 should be paid to the executors immediately and the balance in four equal yearly instalments with interest at 12% p.a. on outstanding balance.

Show Mr. Pammy’s Capital account, his Executor’s account till the settlement of the amount due.

Pammy’s Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Drawings 10,000 Balance b/d 40,000
Pammy Executor’s A/c 75,400 Profit and Loss (Suspense) 3,000
Puneet’s Capital A/c 15,000
Pankaj’s Capital A/c 15,000
Interest on Capital 2,400
Reserve 10,000
85,400 85,400
Pammy’s Executor Account
Dr. Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

2017-18 2017-18
Sep. 30 Bank 15,400 Sep. 30 Pammy’s Capital A/c 75,400
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 63,600 Mar. 31 Interest 3,600
79,000 79,000
2018-19 2018-19
Sep. 30 Bank 22,200 April 01 Balance b/d 63,600
(15,000+3,600+3,600) Sep. 30 Interest 3,600
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 47,700 Mar. 31 Interest 2,700
69,900 69,900
2019-20 2019-20
Sep. 30 Bank 20,400 April 01 Balance b/d 47,700
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 31,800 Sep. 30 Interest 2,700
Mar. 31 Interest 1,800
52,200 52,200
2020-21 2020-21
Sep. 30 Bank 18,600 April 01 Balance b/d 31,800
(15,000+1,800+1,800) Sep. 30 Interest 1,800
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 15,900 Mar. 31 Interest 900
34,500 34,500
2021-22 2021-22
Sep. 30 Bank 16,800 April 01 Balance b/d 15,900
(15,000+900+900) Sep. 30 Interest 900
16,800 16,800

Working Notes:

1) Pammy’s Share of Profit

Previous Year’s Profit ´ Proportionate Period ´ Share of Deceased Partner Chp 4-17

2) Pammy’s Share of Goodwill

Goodwill of the firm = Average Profit ´ Numbers of Year’s Purchase

Average Profit Chp 4-18

Goodwill of the firm = 50,000 ´ 3 = ₹ 1,50,000

Chp 4-19

3) Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Puneet’s ShareChp 4-20

Pankaj’s ShareChp 4-21

Gaining Ratio between Puneet and Pankaj = 2 : 2 or 1 : 1

4) Interest on Capital for 6 months, i.e. from April 1, 2007 to September 30, 2007

Amount of Capital ´ Rate of Interest ´ Period Chp 4-22

5) Interest Amount

The firm closes its books every year on March 31, while instalments to Pammy’s Executor are paid on September 30 every year.

Amount outstanding on 30 September = 75,400 – 15,400 = ₹ 60,000

Chp 4-23

9. Following is the Balance Sheet of Prateek, Rockey and Kushal as on March 31, 2017.

Books of Prateek, Rockey and Kushal

 

Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2017

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Sundry Creditors 16,000 Bills Receivable 16,000
General Reserve 16,000 Furniture 22,600
Capital Accounts: Stock 20,400
Prateek 30,000 Sundry Debtors 22,000
Rockey 20,000 Cash at Bank 18,000
Kushal 20,000 70,000 Cash in Hand 3,000
  1,02,000 1,02,000
       

Rockey died on June 30, 2017. Under the terms of the partnership deed, the executors of a deceased partner were entitled to:

a) Amount standing to the credit of the Partner’s Capital account.

b) Interest on capital at 5% per annum.

c) Share of goodwill on the basis of twice the average of the past three years’ profit and

d) Share of profit from the closing date of the last financial year to the date of death on the basis of last year’s profit.

Profits for the year ending on March 31, 2015, March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2017 were ₹ 12,000, ₹ 16,000 and ₹ 14,000 respectively. Profits were shared in the ratio of capitals.

Pass the necessary journal entries and draw up Rockey’s capital account to be rendered to his executor.

 Books of Prateek and Kushal

 

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

2017
June 30 Interest on Capital A/c Dr. 250
Profit and Loss (Suspense) A/c Dr. 1,000
General Reserve A/c Dr. 4,571
To Rockey’s Capital A/c 5,821
(Share of profit, interest on capital and share of General

Reserve credited to Rockey’s Capital Account)

June 30 Prateek’s Capital A/c Dr. 4,800
Kushal’s Capital A/c Dr. 3,200
To Rockey’s Capital A/c 8,000
(Rockey’s share of goodwill adjusted to Prateek’s and

Kushal’s Capital Account in their gaining ratio, 3:2)

June 30 Rockey’s Capital A/c Dr. 33,821
To Rockey Executor’s A/c 33,821
(Balance of Rockey’s Capital Account transferred to his

Executor’s Account)

Rockey’s Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

2017 2017
April 1 Rockey’s Executor A/c 33,821 April 1 Balance b/d 20,000
Interest on Capital 250
Profit and Loss (Suspense) A/c 1,000
General Reserve 4,571
Prateek’s Capital 4,800
Kushal’s Capital 3,200
33,821 33,821

Working Notes:

1. Rockey’s Share of Profit = Previous year’s profit × Proportionate Period × Share of Deceased Partner

=
Chp 4-24

2. Rockey’s Share of Goodwill

Goodwill of a firm = Average profit × Numbers of year’s Purchase

Chp 4-25

Goodwill of a firm = 14,000 × 2 = ₹ 28,000

Chp 4-26

3. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio − Old Ratio

Chp 4-27

Chp 4-28

Gaining Ratio between Prateek and Kushal = 9:4 or 3:2

4. Interest on Capital for 3 months i.e. from April 1, 2017 to June 30, 2017

Amount of × Rate of Interest × Period
Chp 4-29

 

10. Narang, Suri and Bajaj are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in proportion of 1/2 , 1/6 and 1/3 respectively. The Balance Sheet on April 1, 2015 was as follows:

Books of Suri, Narang and Bajaj

 

Balance Sheet as on April 1, 2015

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 12,000 Freehold Premises 40,000
Sundry Creditors 18,000 Machinery 30,000
Reserves 12,000 Furniture 12,000
Capital Accounts: Stock 22,000
Narang 30,000 Sundry Debtors 20,000
Suri 20,000 Less: Reserve 1,000 19,000
Bajaj 28,000 88,000 for Bad Debt
Cash 7,000
  1,30,000 1,30,000
       

Bajaj retires from the business and the partners agree to the following:

a) Freehold premises and stock are to be appreciated by 20% and 15% respectively.

b) Machinery and furniture are to be depreciated by 10% and 7% respectively.

c) Bad Debts reserve is to be increased to ₹ 1,500.

d) Goodwill is valued at ₹ 21,000 on Bajaj’s retirement.

e) The continuing partners have decided to adjust their capitals in their new profit sharing ratio after retirement of Bajaj. Surplus/deficit, if any, in their capital accounts will be adjusted through current accounts.

Prepare necessary ledger accounts and draw the Balance Sheet of the reconstituted firm.

 

Revaluation Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Machinery 3,000 Freehold Properties 8,000
Furniture 840 Stock 3,300
Reserve for Bad debts 500
Capitals:
Narang 3,480
Suri 1,160
Bajaj 2,320 6,960
11,300 11,300
Partners’ Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Narang Suri Bajaj Particulars Narang Suri Bajaj
Bajaj’s Capital A/c 5,250 1,750 Balance b/d 30,000 30,000 28,000
Bajaj’s Loan 41,320 Reserves 6,000 2,000 4,000
Revaluation (Profit) 3,480 1,160 2,320
Balance c/d 34,230 31,410 Narang’s Capital A/c 5,250
Suri’s Capital A/c 1,750
39,480 33,160 41,320 39,480 33,160 41,320
Suri’s Current A/c 15,000 Balance b/d 34,230 31,410
Narang’s Current A/c 15,000
Balance c/d 49,230 16,410
49,230 31,410 49,230 31,410
Balance Sheet as on April 01, 2015

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 12,000 Free hold Premises 48,000
Sundry Creditors 18,000 Machinery 27,000
Bajaj’s Loan 41,320 Furniture 11,160
Suri’s Current 15,000 Stock 25,300
Capital Account: Sundry Debtors 20,000
Narang 49,230 Less: Reserve for Bad Debt 1,500 18,500
Suri 16,410 65,640 Cash 7,000
Narang’s Current Account 15,000
1,51,960 1,51,960

Working Notes:

1. Bajaj Share in Goodwill = Total Goodwill of the firm ´ Retiring Partner’s Share = Chp 4-30

2. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Chp 4-31

Chp 4-32

Gaining Ratio between Narang and Suri = 3:1

3. Calculation of New Capitals of the existing partners.

Balance in Narang’s Capital = 34,230
Balance in Suri’s Capital = 31,410
Total Capital of the New firm after revaluation of assets and
liabilities and adjustment of  Goodwill and Reserves = ₹ 65,640

Based on new profit sharing ratio of 3:1

Chp 4-33

Chp 4-34

NOTE:

i. In the given Question Suri’s Capital is ₹ 30,000 instead of ₹ 20,000.

ii. Due to insufficient balance in Bajaj’s Capital Account, the amount due to Bajaj is transferred to his Loan Account.

11. The Balance Sheet of Rajesh, Pramod and Nishant who were sharing profits in proportion to their capitals stood as on March 31, 2015:

Books of Rajesh, Pramod and Nishant

 

Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2015

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 6,250 Factory Building 12,000
Sundry Creditors 10,000 Debtors 10,500
Reserve Fund 2,750 Less: Reserve 500 10,000
Capital Accounts: Bills Receivable 7,000
Rajesh 20,000 Stock 15,500
Pramod 15,000 Plant and Machinery 11,500
Nishant 15,000 50,000 Bank Balance 13,000
  69,000 69,000
       

Pramod retired on the date of Balance Sheet and the following adjustments were made:

a) Stock was valued at 10% less than the book value.

b) Factory buildings were appreciated by 12%.

c) Reserve for doubtful debts be created up to 5%.

d) Reserve for legal charges to be made at ₹ 265.

e) The goodwill of the firm be fixed at ₹ 10,000.

f) The capital of the new firm be fixed at ₹ 30,000. The continuing partners decide to keep their capitals in the new profit sharing ratio of 3:2.

Pass journal entries and prepare the balance sheet of the reconstituted firm after transferring the balance in Pramod’s Capital account to his loan account.

Journal

 

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

2015
Mar. 31 Revaluation A/c Dr. 1,840
To Stock A/c 1,550
To Reserve for Doubtful Debts A/c 25
To Reserve for Legal Charges A/c 265
(Assets and Liabilities are revalued)
Mar. 31 Factory Building A/c Dr. 1,440
To Revaluation A/c 1,440
( Factory Building appreciated)
Mar. 31 Rajesh’s Capital A/c Dr. 160
Pramod’s Capital A/c Dr. 120
Nishant’s Capital A/c Dr. 120
To Revaluation A/c 400
(Loss on Revaluation adjusted to Partners’ Capital Account)
Mar. 31 Rajesh’s Capital A/c Dr. 2,000
Nishant’s Capital A/c Dr. 1,000
To Pramod Capital’s A/c 3,000
(Pramod’s share of goodwill adjusted to Rajesh’s and Nishant’s Capital Account in their gaining ratio)
Mar. 31 Reserve Fund A/c Dr. 2,750
To Rajesh’s Capital A/c 1,100
To Pramod’s Capital A/c 825
To Nishant’s Capital A/c 825
(Reserve Fund distributed all the partners)
Mar. 31 Pramod’s Capital A/c Dr. 18,705
To Pramod’s Loan A/c 18,705
(Pramod’s Capital transferred to his Loan Account)
Mar. 31 Rajesh’s Capital A/c Dr. 940
Nishant’s Capital A/c Dr. 2,705
To Rajesh’s Current A/c 940
To Nishant’s Current A/c 2,705
(Excess in Capital Account is transferred to Current Account)
Parters’ Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Rajesh Pramod Nishant Particulars Rajesh Pramod Nishant
Revaluation (Loss) 160 120 120 Balance b/d 20,000 15,000 15,000
Pramod’s Capital A/c 2,000 1,000 Reserve Fund 1,100 825 825
Pramod’s Loan A/c 18,705 Rajesh’s Capital A/c 2,000
Rajesh’s Current A/c 940 Nishant’s Capital A/c 1,000
Nishant’s Current A/c 2,705
Balance c/d 18,000 12,000
21,100 18,825 15,825 21,100 18,825 15,825
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2015

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 6,250 Plant and Machinery 11,500
Sundry Creditors 10,000 Debtors 10,500
Reserve for Legal Charges 265 Less: Reserve (525) 9,975
Pramod’s Loan 18,705 Bills Receivable 7,000
Current Account: Stock 15,500
Rajesh 940 Less: 10% Depreciation (1,550) 13,950
Nishant 2,705 3,645
Capital Account: Factory Building 12,000 13,440
Rajesh 18,000 Add: 12% Appreciation 1,440
Nishant 12,000 30,000 Bank Balance 13,000
68,865 68,865

Working Notes:

1) Pramod’s share of goodwill = Total goodwill of the firm × Retiring Partner’s Share =
Chp 4-35

2) Gaining Ratio = New Ratio − Old Ratio

Chp 4-36

Chp 4-37

Gaining Ratio between Rajesh and Nishant = 2:1

NOTE: In the above solution, in order to adjust the capital of remaining partners in the new firm according to their new profit sharing ratio, the surplus or the deficit of Capital Account is transferred to their Current Account. But, in order to match the answer with that of given in the book, the surplus or the deficit amount of the Partners’ Capital Account, will either be withdrawn or brought in by the old partners. This treatment will be shown in the Partners’ Capital itself and no need to transfer the surplus or deficit capital balance to their Current Accounts. The following Journal entry is passed to record the withdrawal of surplus capital by the partners.

If existing partners withdraw their excess capital

Journal entry

Rajesh’s Capital A/c Dr. 940
Nishant’s Capital A/c Dr. 2,705
To Bank A/c 3,645
(Surplus Capital withdrawn)
Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2015

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 6,250 Plant and Machinery 11,500
Sundry Creditors 10,000 Debtors 10,500
Reserve for Legal Charges 265 Less: Reserve (525) 9,975
Pramod’s Loan 18,705 Bills Receivable 7,000
Capital: Stock 15,500
Rajesh 18,000 Less: 10% Depreciation (1,550) 13,950
Nishant 12,000 30,000  
Factory Building 12,000
Add: 12% Appreciation 1,440 13,440
Bank Balance 9,355
65,220 65,220

12. Following is the Balance Sheet of Jain, Gupta and Malik as on March 31, 2016.

Books of Jain, Gupta and Malik

Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2016

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Sundry Creditors 19,800 Land and Building 26,000
Telephone Bills Outstanding 300 Bonds 14,370
Accounts Payable 8,950 Cash 5,500
Accumulated Profits 16,750 Bills Receivable 23,450
Sundry Debtors 26,700
Capitals : Stock 18,100
Jain 40,000 Office Furniture 18,250
Gupta 60,000 Plants and Machinery 20,230
Malik 20,000 1,20,000 Computers 13,200
1,65,800 1,65,800

The partners have been sharing profits in the ratio of 5:3:2. Malik decides to retire from business on April 1, 2016 and his share in the business is to be calculated as per the following terms of revaluation of liabilities and assets : Stock, ₹ 20,000; Office furniture, ₹ 14,250; Plant and Machinery ₹ 23,530; Land and Building ₹ 20,000.

A provision of ₹ 1,700 to be created for doubtful debts. The goodwill of the firm is valued at ₹ 9,000.

The continuing partners agreed to pay ₹ 16,500 as cash on retirement of Malik, to be contributed by continuing partners in the ratio of 3:2. The balance in the capital account of Malik will be treated as loan.

Prepare Revaluation account, capital accounts, and Balance Sheet of the reconstituted firm.

In the books of Jain and Gupta

Revaluation Account

Dr. Cr.
Particulars Amount

Particulars Amount

Office Furniture 4,000 Stock 1,900
Land and Building 6,000 Plant and Machinery 3,300
Provision for Doubtful Debts 1,700 Loss transferred to
Jain’s Capital A/c 3,250
Gupta’s Capital A/c 1,950
Malik’s Capital A/c 1,300 6,500
11,700 11,700

 

Partners’ Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Jain Gupta Malik Particulars Jain Gupta Malik
Revaluation (Loss) 3,250 1,950 1,300 Balance b/d 40,000 60,000 20,000
Malik’s Capital 1,125 675 Accumulated Profits 8,375 5,025 3,350
Cash 16,500 Jain’s Capital A/c 1,125
Malik’s Loan 7,350 Gupta’s Capital A/c 675
Balance c/d 53,900 69,000 Cash 9,900 6,600
58,275 71,625 25,150 58,275 71,625 25,150
Balance Sheet
Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Sundry Creditors 19,800 Stock (18,100 + 1,900) 20,000
Telephone Bills Outstanding 300 Bonds 14,370
Accounts Payable 8,950 Cash 5,500
Malik’s Loan 7,350 Bills Receivable 23,450
Sundry Debtors 26,700
Partners’ Capital: Less: Provision for Bad Debts 1,700 25,000
Jain 53,900 Land and Building (26,000 – 6,000) 20,000
Gupta 69,000 1,22,900 Office Furniture (18,250 – 4,000) 14,250
Plant and Machinery (20,230 + 3,300) 23,530
Computers 13,200
1,59,300 1,59,300

Working Note:

1) Malik’s share of goodwill = Total Goodwill × Retiring Partner Share =
Chp 4-38

2) Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Chp 4-39

Chp 4-40

Gaining Ratio between Jain and Gupta = 10:6 or 5:3

13. Arti, Bharti and Seema are partners sharing profits in the proportion of 3:2:1 and their Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2016 stood as follows:

Books of Arti, Bharti and Seema

 

Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2016

 

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Bills Payable 12,000 Buildings 21,000
Creditors 14,000 Cash in Hand 12,000
General Reserve 12,000 Bank 13,700
Capitals: Debtors 12,000
Arti 20,000 Bills Receivable 4,300
Bharti 12,000 Stock 1,750
Seema 8,000 40,000 Investment 13,250
  78,000 78,000
       

Bharti died on June 12, 2016 and according to the deed of the said partnership, her executors are entitled to be paid as under:

(a) The capital to her credit at the time of her death and interest thereon @ 10% per annum.

(b) Her proportionate share of reserve fund.

(c) Her share of profits for the intervening period will be based on the sales during that period, which were calculated as ₹ 1, 00,000. The rate of profit during past three years had been 10% on sales.

(d) Goodwill according to her share of profit to be calculated by taking twice the amount of the average profit of the last three years less 20%. The profits of the previous years were:

2013 – ₹ 8,200

2014 – ₹ 9,000

2015 – ₹ 9,800

The investments were sold for ₹ 16,200 and her executors were paid out. Pass the necessary journal entries and write the account of the executors of Bharti.

 Books of Arti and Seema

 

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

2016
June 12 Interest on Capital A/c Dr. 240
General Reserve A/c Dr. 4,000
Profit and Loss (Suspense) A/c Dr. 3,333
To Bharti’s Capital A/c 7,573
(Profit, interest and general reserve are in credited to

Bharti’s Capital account)

June 12 Arti’s Capital A/c Dr. 3,600
Seema’s Capital A/c Dr. 1,200
To Bharti’s Capital A/c 4,800
(Bharti’s share of goodwill adjusted to Arti’s and

Seema’s Capital Account in their gaining ratio, 3:1)

June 12 Bharti’s Capital A/c Dr. 24,373
To Bharti’s Executor’s A/c 24,373
(Bharti’s capital account is transferred to her executor’s

account)

June 12 Bank A/c Dr. 16,200
To Investment A/c 13,250
To Profit on Sale of Investment 2,950
(Investment sold)
June 12 Bharti’s Executor A/c Dr. 24,373
To Bank A/c 24,373
(Bharti Executor paid)
Bharti’s Capital Account
Dr. Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

2016 2016
June 12 Bharti’s Executor’s A/c 24,373 Mar. 31 Balance b/d 12,000
June 12 Interest on Capital 240
Profit and Loss (Suspense) 3,333
General Reserve 4,000
Arti’s Capital A/c 3,600
Seema’s Capital A/c 1,200
24,373 24,373
Bharti’s Executor’s Account

 

Dr. Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

2016 2016
June 12 Bank 24,373 June 12 Bharti’s Capital A/c 24,373
24,373 24,373

Working Notes:

1. Bharti’s share of profit = Profit is 10% of sales

Sales during the last year for that period were ₹ 1, 00,000

If sales are ₹ 1, 00,000, then the profit is ₹ 10,000

Chp 4-41

2. Bharti’s Share of Goodwill

Goodwill of the firm = Average Profit × Number of Years Purchase

Chp 4-42

Or, 9,000 − 20% of 9,000 = 9,000 − 1,800 = ₹ 7,200

Goodwill of the firm = 7,200 × 2 = ₹ 14,400

Chp 4-43

3. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio − Old Ratio

Chp 4-44

Chp 4-45

Gaining ratio between Arti and Seema = 3:1

4. Interest on Capital for 73 days, i.e. from April 1, 2016 to June 12, 2016

Interest on capital = Amount of Capital × Ratio of Interest × Period
Chp 4-46

14. Nithya, Sathya and Mithya were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:3:2. Their Balance Sheet as on March 31, 2015 was as follows:

Books of Nithya, Sathya and Mithya

Balance Sheet at March 31, 2015

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Creditors 14,000 Investments 10,000
Reserve Fund 6,000 Goodwill 5,000
Capitals: Premises 20,000
Nithya 30,000 Patents 6,000
Sathya 30,000 Machinery 30,000
Mithya 20,000 80,000 Stock 13,000
Debtors 8,000
Bank 8,000
1,00,000 1,00,000

Mithya dies on August 1, 2015. The agreement between the executors of Mithya and the partners stated that:

(a) Goodwill of the firm be valued at https://img-nm.mnimgs.com/img/study_content/editlive_ncert/75/2012_08_23_12_20_14/image3605571988781021547.jpg times the average profits of last four years. The profits of four years were : in 2011-12, ₹ 13,000; in 2012-13, ₹ 12,000; in 2013-14, ₹ 16,000; and in 2014-15, ₹ 15,000.

(b) The patents are to be valued at ₹ 8,000, Machinery at ₹ 25,000 and Premises at ₹ 25,000.

(c) The share of profit of Mithya should be calculated on the basis of the profit of 2014-15.

(d) ₹ 4,200 should be paid immediately and the balance should be paid in 4 equal half-yearly instalments carrying interest @ 10%.

Record the necessary journal entries to give effect to the above and write the executor’s account till the amount is fully paid. Also prepare the Balance Sheet of Nithya and Sathya as it would appear on August 1, 2015 after giving effect to the adjustments.

 Books of Nithya and Sathya

Journal

Date Particulars L.F. Amount

Amount

2015
Aug. 1 Nithya’s Capital A/c Dr. 2,500
Sathya’s Capital A/c Dr. 1,500
Mithya’s Capital A/c Dr. 1,000
To Goodwill A/c 5,000
(Goodwill written off among all the partners)
Aug. 1 Patents A/c Dr. 2,000
Premises A/c Dr. 5,000
To Revaluation A/c 7,000
(Increase in the value of patents and premises)
Aug. 1 Revaluation A/c Dr. 5,000
To Machinery A/c 5,000
(Decrease in the value of machinery)
Aug. 1 Revaluation A/c Dr. 2,000
To Nithya’s Capital A/c 1,000
To Sathya’s Capital A/c 600
To Mithya’s Capital A/c 400
(Profit on revaluation of liabilities and assets transferred

to Partners’ Capital Account)

Aug. 1 Reserve Fund A/c Dr. 6,000
To Nithya’s Capital A/c 3,000
To Sathya’s Capital A/c 1,800
To Mithya’s Capital A/c 1,200
(Reserve Fund transferred to Partners’ Capital Account)
Aug. 1 Nithya’s Capital A/c Dr. 4,375
Sathya’s Capital A/c Dr. 2,625
To Mithya’s Capital A/c 7,000
(Mithya’s share of goodwill adjusted to Nithya’s and

Sathya’s Capital Account in their gaining ratio, 5:3)

Aug. 1 Profit and Loss A/c (Suspense) Dr. 1,000
To Mithya’s Capital A/c 1,000
(Profit till date of death credited to Mithya’s Capital

Account)

Aug. 1 Mithya’s Capital A/c Dr. 28,600
To Mithya Executors A/c 28,600
(Mithya’s Capital Account transferred to her executor

account)

Aug. 1 Mithya Executor’s A/c Dr. 4,200
To Cash A/c 4,200
(Cash paid to Mithya’s executor)
Mithya Executor’s Account
Dr. Cr.
Date Particulars J.F. Amount

Date Particulars J.F. Amount

2015 2015
Aug. 1

2016

Bank 4,200 Aug. 1

2016

Mithya’s Capital A/c 28,600
Jan. 31 Bank (6,100 + 1220) 7,320 Jan. 31 Interest (24,400×10100×612)(24,400×10100×612) 1,220
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 18,605 Mar. 31 Interest (18,300×10100×212)(18,300×10100×212) 305
30,125 30,125
2016 2016
July 31

2017

Bank (6,100 + 305 + 610) 7,015 April 01

July 31

2017

Balance b/d

Interest (18,300×10100×412)(18,300×10100×412)

18,605

610

Jan. 31 Bank (6,100 + 610) 6,710 Jan. 31 Interest (12,200×10100×612)(12,200×10100×612) 610
Mar. 31 Balance c/d 6202 Mar. 31 Interest (6,100×10100×212)(6,100×10100×212) 102
19,927 19,927
2017 2017
July 31 Bank (6,100 + 102 + 203) 6,405 April 01 Balance b/d 6,202
July 31 Interest (6,100×10100×412)(6,100×10100×412) 203
6,405 6,405
Balance Sheet

As on August 31, 2015

Liabilities Amount

Assets Amount

Creditors 14,000 Investments 10,000
Mithya’s Executor’s Loan A/c 24,400 Premises 25,000
Partners’ Capital A/c Machinery 25,000
Nithya 27,125 Stock 13,000
Sathya 28,275 55,400 Debtors 8,000
Patents 8,000
Bank (8,000 – 4,200) 3,800
Profit and Loss (Suspense) 1,000
93,800 93,800

Working Notes:

1.

Partners’ Capital Accounts
Dr. Cr.
Particulars Nithya Sathya Mithya Particulars Nithya Sathya Mithya
Goodwill 2,500 1,500 1,000 Balance b/d 30,000 30,000 20,000
Mithya’s Capital A/c 4,375 2,625 Revaluation A/c 1,000 600 400
Mithya’s Executor’s A/c 28,600 Reserve Fund 3,000 1,800 1,200
Balance c/d 27,125 28,275 Profit and Loss A/c (Suspense) 1,000
Nithya’s Capital A/c 4,375
Sathya’s Capital A/c 2,625
34,000 32,400 29,600 34,000 32,400 29,600

2. Mithya’s Share of Profit:

Previous year’s profit × Proportionate Period × Share of Profit
Chp 4-48

3. Mithya’s share of Goodwill

Goodwill of a firm = Average Profit × Number of Year’s Purchase

Chp 4-49

Chp 4-50

Chp 4-51

4. Gaining Ratio = New Ratio – Old Ratio

Chp 4-52

Chp 4-53

Gaining Ratio between Nithya and Sathya = 5:3

Concepts covered in this chapter –

  • Ascertaining the amount due to retiring or deceased partner
  • New profit sharing ratio
  • Gaining ratio
  • Treatment of Goodwill
  • Adjustment of the partner’s capital
  • Death of a partner

Conclusion

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 4 provides a wide degree of illustrative examples; which assists the students to comprehend and learn quickly. The above mentioned are the illustrations for Class 12 CBSE syllabus. For more solutions and study materials of NCERT solutions for Class 12 Accountancy, visit BYJU’S or download the app for more information.

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